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PURPOSE Most gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) harbor mutant KIT or platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) kinases, which are imatinib targets. Sunitinib, which targets KIT, PDGFRs, and several other kinases, has demonstrated efficacy in patients with GIST after they experience imatinib failure. We evaluated the impact of primary and(More)
PURPOSE Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) commonly harbor oncogenic mutations of the KIT or platelet-derived growth factor alpha (PDGFRA) kinases, which are targets for imatinib. In clinical studies, 75% to 90% of patients with advanced GISTs experience clinical benefit from imatinib. However, imatinib resistance is an increasing clinical problem. (More)
14-3-3 proteins are ubiquitously expressed regulators of various cellular functions, including proliferation, metabolism, and differentiation, and altered 14-3-3 expression is associated with development and progression of cancer. We report a transforming 14-3-3 oncoprotein, which we identified through conventional cytogenetics and whole-transcriptome(More)
Mesothelioma is an asbestos-associated and notoriously chemotherapy-resistant neoplasm. Activation of the receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), epidermal growth factor receptor and MET, has been described in subsets of mesothelioma, suggesting that TKs might represent therapeutic targets in this highly lethal disease. We employed proteomic screening by(More)
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are clinically distinct mesenchymal tumors, which generally result from expression of mutant KIT or PDGFRA receptor tyrosine kinase oncogenes. Most GISTs feature strong expression of KIT that serves as a crucial diagnostic adjunct. However, a subset of tumors lacks KIT expression and otherwise may also be difficult to(More)
Renal Medullary Carcinoma (RMC) is an aggressive malignancy that affects young black individuals with sickle cell trait. No effective treatment is available, resulting in an ominous clinical course, with overall survival averaging less than four months. We report rearrangement of the ALK receptor tyrosine kinase in a pediatric case of RMC harboring a(More)
The receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and MET are activated in subsets of mesothelioma, suggesting that these kinases might represent novel therapeutic targets in this notoriously chemotherapy-resistant cancer. However, clinical trials have shown little activity for EGFR inhibitors in mesothelioma. Despite the evidence(More)
Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) functions as an isomerase to catalyze thiol:disulfide exchange, as a chaperone to assist protein folding, and as a subunit of prolyl-4-hydroxylase and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein. At a lower concentration of 0.2 microm, PDI facilitated the aggregation of unfolded rabbit muscle creatine kinase (CK) and exhibited(More)
Most gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) express oncogenic and constitutively active forms of the KIT or platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) receptor tyrosine kinase proteins, and these kinase oncoproteins serve as targets for effective therapies. Given that mutant KIT oncoproteins serve crucial transforming roles in GISTs, we(More)
ALK oncogenic activation mechanisms were characterized in four conventional spindle-cell inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMT) and five atypical IMT, each of which had ALK genomic perturbations. Constitutively activated ALK oncoproteins were purified by ALK immunoprecipitation and electrophoresis, and were characterized by mass spectrometry. The four(More)