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The present study was designed to evaluate the possible neuroprotective effects of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR7) allosteric agonist N,N'-dibenzhydrylethane-1,2-diamine dihydrochloride (AMN082) on developmental sevoflurane neurotoxicity. To achieve the objective, hippocampal cultures (7 DIV, 7 day in vitro) were treated with different doses of(More)
It is well established that developmental exposure of sevoflurane (an inhalational anesthetic) is capable of inducing neuronal apoptosis and subsequent learning and memory disorders. Synaptic NMDA receptors activity plays an essential role in cell survival, while the extra-synaptic NMDA receptors activation is usually associated with cell death. However,(More)
Aberrant CDK5 activity is implicated in a number of neurodegenerative disorders. Isoflurane exposure leads to neuronal apoptosis, and subsequent learning and memory defects in the developing brain. The present study was designed to examine whether and how CDK5 activity plays a role in developmental isoflurane neurotoxicity. Rat pups and hippocampal neuronal(More)
N-arachidonoylethanolamine (AEA) plays a crucial neuroprotective role in certain neurodegenerative diseases. Our recent studies suggested that AEA analog N-stearoyl-l-tyrosine (NsTyr) could protect neurons from apoptosis and improve hippocampus-dependent learning and memory deficits. The present study was designed to determine the neuroprotective effect of(More)
Beta-arrestins (β-arrs) are initially known as negative regulators of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Recently, there is increasing evidence suggesting that β-arrs also serve as scaffolds and adapters that mediate distinct intracellular signal transduction initiated by GPCR activation. In the previous study, we have shown that metabotropic glutamate(More)
Mechanisms associated with cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5)-mediated heat hyperalgesia induced by inflammation remain undefined. This study was designed to examine whether Cdk5 mediates heat hyperalgesia resulting from peripheral injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in the spinal dorsal horns of rats by interacting with synaptophysin, a well known(More)
Abstract It has been widely demonstrated that Eph receptors and their ephrin ligands play multiple pivotal roles in the development of the nervous system. However, less is known about their roles in the adult brain. Here we reported the expression of ephrin-B1 and its cognate EphB receptors in the adult mouse hippocampus at 3, 7, 15, 30 and 60 days after(More)
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a radiosensitive and chemosensitive tumour. The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate the toxicity and efficacy of an outpatient weekly neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NeoCT) plus radiotherapy for advanced NPC. From November 1998 to August 2001, 90 NPC patients meeting the following criteria were treated: (1) neck node >6(More)
Gelsolin is an actin-binding protein that regulates actin filament-severing and capping activity in the various processes of cell motilities. Here, we report the expression of gelsolin mRNA and protein in the hippocampus following transections of the entorhinal afferents. Northern blot analysis showed that transcript of gelsolin was upregulated in a(More)
Thymosin beta4 is a major actin-sequestering molecule. Here, we report a prominent upregulation of thymosin beta4 in the hippocampus following entorhinal deafferentation. Northern blotting displayed a transient increase of thymosin beta4 mRNA in the deafferented hippocampus by 1.8, 2.3, 1.3 and 1.1-fold of controls, respectively, at 1, 3, 7 and 15 days(More)