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The rice Xa21 gene, which confers resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae race 6, was isolated by positional cloning. Fifty transgenic rice plants carrying the cloned Xa21 gene display high levels of resistance to the pathogen. The sequence of the predicted protein, which carries both a leucine-rich repeat motif and a serine-threonine kinase-like(More)
Rice sheath blight, caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kühn, is one of the three major diseases of rice. The present study was conducted with an F2 clonal population of Jasmine 85/Lemont. The F2 population, including 128 clonal families, was inoculated by short toothpicks incubated with a strain, RH-9 of the fungus. Based on field disease evaluations in 2 years(More)
Xa4 is a dominantly inherited rice gene that confers resistance to Philippine race 1 of the bacterial blight pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in rice. In order to isolate the gene by positional cloning, a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library was constructed from genomic DNA isolated from an Xa4-harboring accession, IRBB56. The library(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 20-22 nucleotide non-coding RNAs that play important roles in plant and animal development. They are usually processed from larger precursors that can form stem-loop structures. Among 20 miRNA families that are conserved between Arabidopsis and rice, the rice miR395 gene family was unique because it was organized into compact clusters(More)
A tandemly repeated DNA sequence (RRS7) was isolated from Oryza alta (CCDD). RRS7-related sequences were also found tandemly arrayed in genomes AA, BB, BBCC, CC, and EE, and a small amount of RRS7-related sequences were detected in genome FF and the Oryza species with unknown genomes. DNA sequence analysis of the 1844-bp insert of RRS7 revealed that it(More)
Rice transformation mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens has technically matured to some extent, but the mechanics of T-DNA integration in transgenic rice remains largely unknown. Using thermal asymmetric interlaced PCR (TAIL-PCR), we analyzed the flanking sequences of T-DNAs in transgenic rice plants, in which the resistance gene for rice bacterial blight(More)
The cloned bacterial blight (BB) resistance gene Xa21 was transferred into C418, a major restorer line of japonica hybrid rice in China, using an Agrobacterium-mediated system. The integrated single copy of transgene displayed a 3:1 segregation ratio in T1 generation in PCR and resistance analyses. The transgenic homozygous C418-Xa21 lines were selected in(More)
The gene Xa4 confers dominantly resistance to rice bacterial blight, which has been finely mapped between RFLP markers G181 and L1044, and co-segregated with the resistance gene homologues sequence marker RS13. The three markers were used to screen a rice Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC) library constructed from IRBB56, a Xa4-harborring indica variety,(More)
A BAC library for IRBB56, an accession pyramiding Xa4, xa5 and xa13 three bacterial blight resistance genes, was constructed. The library contains 55,296 clones with an average insert size of 132 kb. Based on a haploid genome size of 450 Mb, the coverage of the library was about 14 genome equivalents that make it one of the most comprehensive BAC libraries(More)
Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of two-line genic male sterile Indica rice variety Pei'ai 64S was conducted using a cloned gene, Xa21, as the foreign gene and mature embryo calli as the recipients. A total of 46 transgenic plants had been obtained. The PCR analysis and Southern blotting showed the integration of Xa21 gene into the genome the(More)