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The vinculin gene codes for a cytoskeletal protein, found in focal adhesion plaques and in cell-cell adherens junctions. Vinculin was inactivated by homologous recombination using a targeting vector in embryonic stem (ES) cells. The heterozygous ES cells were introduced into mice by established procedures to produce heterozygous animals that were normal and(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) regulates plant growth and development as well as stress tolerance. The Arabidopsis sad1 (supersensitive to ABA and drought) mutation increases plant sensitivity to drought stress and ABA in seed germination, root growth, and the expression of some stress-responsive genes. sad1 plants are also defective in the positive(More)
In eukaryotes, ubiquitin (Ub)-dependent proteolysis is essential for bulk protein turnover as well as diverse processes including cell-cycle control, differentiation, antigen presentation, and the stress response. Generally, multiple ubiquitins are added onto a substrate to form an isopeptide-linked 'polyubiquitin' chain, which targets substrates for(More)
Pax6, a transcription factor containing the bipartite paired DNA-binding domain, has critical roles in development of the eye, nose, pancreas, and central nervous system. The 2.5 A structure of the human Pax6 paired domain with its optimal 26-bp site reveals extensive DNA contacts from the amino-terminal subdomain, the linker region, and the(More)
BACKGROUND The addition of rituximab to combination chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP), or R-CHOP, has significantly improved the survival of patients with diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma. Whether gene-expression signatures correlate with survival after treatment of diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma is unclear. (More)
BACKGROUND Early intensive insulin therapy in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes might improve beta-cell function and result in extended glycaemic remissions. We did a multicentre, randomised trial to compare the effects of transient intensive insulin therapy (continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion [CSII] or multiple daily insulin injections(More)
Vinculin plays a role in signaling between integrins and the actin cytoskeleton. We reported earlier that F9-derived cells lacking vinculin are less spread, less adhesive, and move two times faster than wild-type F9 cells. Expression of intact vinculin in null cells restored all wild-type characteristics. In contrast, expression of the head (90 kDa)(More)
The excitation transport and trapping kinetics of core antenna-reaction center complexes from photosystem I of wild-type Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 were investigated under annihilation-free conditions in complexes with open and closed reaction centers. For closed reaction centers, the long-component decay-associated spectrum (DAS) from global analysis of(More)
— Recently, Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (MBMS) has been specified by 3GPP as a Release 6 feature in order to meet the increasing demands of multimedia download and streaming applications in mobile scenarios. H.264, as the unique recommended video codec for MBMS, serves as an essential component because of its high compression efficiency and easy(More)