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Maximum acceptable concentrations of metals in food - based on total concentrations - have been established in many countries. To improve risk assessment, it would be better to take into account bioaccessible concentrations. A total of seven species of molluscs from France, UK and Hong Kong was examined in this study including clams, mussels, oysters,(More)
We examined maternal transfer efficiency, retention by subsequent generations, and transgenerational toxicity of methylmercury (CH3Hg or MeHg) in a population of freshwater zooplankton (Daphnia magna). The effect of dietary MeHg residence time in the daphnids on the efflux system also was quantified. After ingesting a relatively high dosage of MeHg, D.(More)
Prediction of metal bioaccumulation and toxicity in aquatic organisms has been based on the free ion activity (e.g., FIAM) or more recently on the binding with the biological/toxicological sites of action (e.g., biotic ligand model). However, metals are bound to various intracellular ligands that may control metal toxicity. In this study, we examined the(More)
Over the past decades, comparative physiology and biochemistry approaches have played a significant role in understanding the complexity of metal bioaccumulation in aquatic animals. Such a comparative approach is now further aided by the biokinetic modeling approach which can be used to predict the rates and routes of metal bioaccumulation and assist in the(More)
Harmful algal blooms (HAB) may impose a serious threat to aquatic lives and human health. We determined the effects of a toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense (clone ATCIO1, isolated from Hong Kong coastal waters) on the energy budget, quantified as scope for growth (SFG), and the growth rate of the manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum and the(More)
In current human health risk assessment, the maximum acceptable concentrations of contaminants in food are mostly based on the total concentrations. However, the total concentration of contaminants may not always reflect the available amount. Bioaccessibility determination is thus required to improve the risk assessment of contaminants. This study used an(More)
Daphnia magna is widespread in many freshwater systems of temperate regions and frequently is used to test metal toxicity. Recently, studies have been performed to determine metal biokinetics and development of tolerance in this important zooplankton species. In the present paper, we review the recent progress in these areas and suggest possible directions(More)
We examined the accumulation, subcellular distribution, and toxicity of Hg(II) and MeHg in three marine phytoplankton (the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana, the green alga Chlorella autotrophica, and the flagellate Isochrysis galbana). For MeHg, the inter-species toxic difference could be best interpreted by the total cellular or intracellular accumulation.(More)
We assessed the degree to which Cd, Cr and Zn bound with sediment were assimilated by the green mussel Perna viridis and the Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum. The influences of the metal concentration in the sediment, the presence of phytoplankton, and the oxidation condition of the sediment on metal assimilation were examined. No major difference was(More)