Learn More
OBJECTIVE To assess endothelial dysfunction in patients with MS and to investigate whether plasma from patients with MS induces endothelial cell dysfunction in vitro. BACKGROUND Endothelial cell dysfunction may contribute to the pathogenesis of MS. Elevations of soluble adhesion molecules intracellular adhesion molecule, vascular cell adhesion molecule,(More)
To solve the problem of immune incompatibility, nuclear transplantation has been envisaged as a means to produce cells or tissues for human autologous transplantation. Here we have derived embryonic stem cells by the transfer of human somatic nuclei into rabbit oocytes. The number of blastocysts that developed from the fused nuclear transfer was comparable(More)
The interaction of activated platelets with leukocytes are believed to play an important role in ischemic reperfusion injury and other thrombotic conditions. Upon activation, platelets shed platelet microparticles (PMP) and express activation markers CD62P expressed on activated platelets mediates adhesion of platelets to leukocytes, chiefly neutrophils,(More)
BACKGROUND In light of recent reports of diminished platelet serotonin concentration and increased plasma serotonin levels in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD), we hypothesized that a state of heightened platelet activation might be present in AD. OBJECTIVE To compare baseline activation of unstimulated platelets in patients with AD with that in(More)
Heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a well-known complication of heparin administration but usually resolves upon discontinuation without sequelae. However, a small proportion of HIT patients develop thrombosis associated with HIT, designated as HITT, which is often life-threatening and may lead to gangrene and amputations. Existing laboratory methods(More)
The present paper describes a flow cytometric method for assay of platelet aggregates (PAg) in blood. This method combines and simplifies previously reported techniques, simultaneously enumerating PAg formed upon platelet activation, their expression of activation marker CD62P (P-selectin), and their content of bound leukocytes (LPAg). The sensitivity of(More)
It was reported that elevated levels of platelet microparticles (PMPs) in patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) were associated with decreased bleeding, and in some cases with small vessel thromboses (J Lab Clin Med 1992; 119:334). To investigate the possible role of complement in PMP production in ITP, an in vitro assay was developed to(More)
The presence of anti-CD36 antibodies in plasma of patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia without/with thrombosis (HIT/HITT) has been examined by immunoblots, and a monoclonal antibody capture assay, the platelet-associated IgG characterization assay (PAICA).(More)
Circulating activated platelet aggregates (aPA) were assayed by flow cytometry employing mAb alpha-CD62p in eight patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Elevation of aPA was observed in all patients in active stages of TTP; aPA normalized in remission. Plasma infusions with plasmapheresis decreased aPA in responding patients. The rise and(More)
In thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), intravascular platelet aggregation and formation of platelet-rich thrombi impair the microcirculation. TTP plasma has been shown to induce aggregation of normal platelets in vitro. The present study investigates the formation of activated platelet aggregates (aPAg) induced by TTP plasma, with particular(More)