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With large-scale production and wide application of nanoscale ZnO, its health hazard has attracted extensive worldwide attention. In this study, cytotoxicity of different sized and shaped ZnO nanoparticles in mouse macrophage Ana-1 was investigated. And contribution of dissolved Zn(2+) and ROS in toxicity of ZnO particles was analyzed. The results indicated(More)
OBJECTIVE Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, which is involved in the development of Alzheimer disease. This study aims to investigate the relationship between abnormal resting-state brain functional connectivity and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 30 patients with type 2 diabetes and 31(More)
The Shiitake mushroom, Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler is a tetrapolar basidiomycete with two unlinked mating-type loci, commonly called the A and B loci. Identifying the mating-types in shiitake is important for enhancing the breeding and cultivation of this economically-important edible mushroom. Here, we identified the A mating-type locus from the first(More)
The Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) is an emerging standard for capturing business processes. However, BPMN lacks a formal semantics and many of its features are subject to interpretation, which is hindered the BPMN as a standard to statically check the semantic correctness of models. The fact that BPMN integrates constructs from graph-oriented(More)
With large-scale production and wide application of nano-titanium oxide (TiO2), its health hazard has attracted extensive attention worldwide. In this study, mouse macrophages (Ana-1 and MH-S cells) were used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of different sized TiO2 nanoparticles. The results showed that TiO2 nanoparticles caused low toxicity, especially in MH-S(More)
Chemotherapy is one of the main treatment options for cancer, but the effectiveness of chemotherapeutic drugs is severely limited due to their systemic toxicity. Therefore, the need for a more targeted approach in tumor treatment is obvious. A tumor-activated agent would decrease systemic toxicity as well as increase the efficacy of the treatment. It has(More)
Bcl-2 family of proteins plays critical roles in human cancers, including pancreatic cancer, suggesting that the discovery of specific agents targeting Bcl-2 family proteins would be extremely valuable for pancreatic cancer therapy. We have previously reported the synthesis and characterization of TW-37, which seems to be a negative regulator of Bcl-2. In(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) regulation is a novel approach to manipulating the fate of mesenchymal stem cells, but an easy, safe, and highly efficient method of transfection is required. In this study, we developed an miRNA reverse transfection formulation by lyophilizing Lipofectamine 2000-miRNA lipoplexes on a tissue culture plate. The lipoplexes can be immobilized(More)
Model transformations are frequently applied in business process modeling to bridge between languages on a different level of abstraction and formality. In this paper, we define a transformation between BPMN which is developed to enable business user to develop readily understandable graphical representations of business processes and YAWL, a formal(More)