Learn More
Amyloid beta (Abeta) is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although Abeta has been reported to be directly neurotoxic, it also causes indirect neuronal damage by activating mononuclear phagocytes (microglia) that accumulate in and around senile plaques. In this study, we show that the 42 amino acid form of beta amyloid(More)
Trp-Lys-Tyr-Val-D-Met (WKYMVm) is a synthetic leukocyte-activating peptide postulated to use seven-transmembrane, G protein-coupled receptor(s). In the study to characterize the receptor(s) for WKYMVm, we found that this peptide induced marked chemotaxis and calcium flux in human phagocytes. The signaling induced by WKYMVm in phagocytes was attenuated by(More)
AIMS Although many studies have been performed on CYP2C19, most of them have mainly examined the effects of the defective alleles CYP2C19(*)2 and CYP2C19(*)3. A comprehensive search for genetic polymorphisms of the CYP2C19 gene in the Chinese Han population has rarely been conducted. The present study was designed to determine the genetic basis of CYP2C19(More)
Although inhibitors of glutamate transport prolong synaptic currents at many glutamate synapses, the cause of the current prolongation is unclear. Transport inhibitors may prolong synaptic currents by simply interfering with synaptic glutamate binding to transporters, by inhibiting substrate translocation, or by promoting accumulation of ambient glutamate,(More)
The complete cDNA sequence of human intestine-specific plastin (I-plastin) was determined from a clone derived by PCR. It consists of a 97-bp 5' untranslated region, a 1,887-bp coding region, and a 1,655-bp 3' untranslated region. The coding region predicts a 629-residue polypeptide whose sequence displays 86, 75, and 73% identities with chicken intestine(More)
Although insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) has been associated with retinopathy, proof of a direct relationship has been lacking. Here we show that an IGF-1 receptor antagonist suppresses retinal neovascularization in vivo, and infer that interactions between IGF-1 and the IGF-1 receptor are necessary for induction of maximal neovascularization by(More)
Nitrous oxide (N2O; laughing gas) has been a widely used anesthetic/analgesic since the 19th century, although its cellular mechanism of action is not understood. Here we characterize the effects of N2O on excitatory and inhibitory synaptic transmission in microcultures of rat hippocampal neurons, a preparation in which anesthetic effects on monosynaptic(More)
Glutamate receptor currents were examined in horizontal cells from cultured human retina using whole-cell recording procedures. Horizontal cells possess both AMPA and kainate receptors and both produce significant sustained currents. The kainate-induced current did not show significant desensitization and was not enhanced by concanavalin A. The sustained(More)
AIMS Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a safe micro-organism used in fermentation industry. 1,3-Propanediol is an important chemical widely used in polymer production, but its availability is being restricted owing to its expensively chemical synthesis. The aim of this study is to engineer a S. cerevisiae strain that can produce 1,3-propanediol at low cost. (More)