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Camptothecins (CPTs) are cytotoxic natural alkaloids that specifically target DNA topoisomerase I. Research on CPTs has undergone a significant evolution from the initial discovery of CPT in the late 1960s through the study of synthetic small-molecule derivatives to investigation of macromolecular constructs and formulations. Over the past years, intensive(More)
BACKGROUND Benzophenone hydrazone derivatives are among the most important classes of synthetic insecticides. In an effort to discover new molecules with good insecticidal/acaricidal activities, a series of novel benzophenone hydrazone N-acylated thiourea and urea derivatives was synthesized and bioassayed. RESULTS All of these compounds exhibited(More)
Twenty new acyl thiourea derivatives of podophyllotoxin and 4'-demethylepipodophyllotoxin were prepared and screened for their cytotoxicity against four human tumor cell lines, A-549, DU-145, KB, and KBvin. With IC50 values of 0.098-1.13 μM, compounds 13b, 13c, and 13o displayed much better cytotoxic activity than the control etoposide. Most importantly,(More)
A series of novel spin-labeled 4β-[(4-substituted)-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl]podophyllotoxin derivatives (17a–h) were firstly designed and synthesized with significant regioselectivity by employing Cu(I) catalyzed click approach, and evaluated for cytotoxicity against four human tumor cell lines (A-549, DU145, KB, and KBvin). Among them, compound 17h displayed the(More)
Continuing our search for natural product-based compounds for the control of B. longissima Larvae, 25 stilbene analogs were synthesized and evaluated for insect antifeedant activity against third-instar larvae of B. longissima for the first time. Among all the tested compounds, especially compounds 3a, 3c, and 6 showed pronounced antifeedant activities with(More)
New 7-acyl camptothecin derivatives were designed and synthesized from camptothecin in a one-pot reaction through a Minisci type-reaction and were evaluated for cytotoxicity against four tumor cell lines, A-549, DU-145, KB, and KB-vin. All of the new compounds showed significant inhibition of human tumor cell growth, with IC(50) values ranging from 0.01538(More)
A library of 96 peptides/peptidomimetics was prepared, in which half was based on the YGGFL-NH2 sequence, while the remainder were derivatives of a presumed anti-opiate peptide, YGGFLRF-NH2. Of the 48 compounds in each half of the library, 32 contained a stereoisomer of 2,3-methanoleucine substituted for Leu5. Binding of the YGGFL-NH2 derivatives to the mu-(More)
2,3-Methanoamino acids resemble protein amino acids. The only difference between these groups of compounds is that the former have one additional carbon which spans the α- and β atoms (Fig. 1). This cyclopropane ring constraint of 2,3-methanoamino acids allows four side chain orientations; different conformations are therefore favored when stereoisomeric(More)
A comparative study of four peptidomimetics of the sequence Phe-Met-Arg-Phe-amide (FMRFa) was performed to compare the conformational bias caused by trans-2,3-methanomethionine and alpha-methylmethionine stereoisomers. The specific compounds studied were {(2S,3S)-cyclo-M} RFa, F{(2R,3R)-cyclo-M} RFa, F{(S)-alpha-Mem} RFa, and F{(R)-alpha-MeM} RFa. Molecular(More)
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