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Pyrethroids are commonly used insecticides in both agricultural and urban environments. Recent studies showed that surface runoff facilitated transport of pyrethroids to surface streams, probably by sediment movement. Sediment contamination by pyrethroids is of concern due to their wide-spectrum aquatic toxicity. In this study, we characterized the spatial(More)
Purpose: An increasingly popular minimally invasive approach to resection of oropharyngeal / base-of-tongue cancer is made possible by a transoral technique conducted with the assistance of a surgical robot. However, the highly deformed surgical setup (neck flexed, mouth open, and tongue retracted) compared to the typical patient orientation in preoperative(More)
This paper develops a sensor- and sampling-based motion planner to control a surgical robot in order to explore osteolytic lesions in orthopedic surgery. Because of the difficulty of using conventional surgical tools, such exploration is needed in minimally-invasive treatments of “particle diseases,” which commonly result from material wear in(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate resection of oropharyngeal neoplasms with transoral robotic surgery (TORS) poses multiple challenges, including difficulty with access, inability to palpate the tumor, loss of landmarks, and intraoperative patient positioning with mouth retractor and tongue extended creating significant tissue distortion from preoperative imaging. (More)
PURPOSE C-arm radiographs are commonly used for intraoperative image guidance in surgical interventions. Fluoroscopy is a cost-effective real-time modality, although image quality can vary greatly depending on the target anatomy. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans are sometimes available, so 2D-3D registration is needed for intra-procedural(More)
Penetrating craniocerebral firearm injuries remain one of the most lethal causes of all trauma and are common both in war or peace time. Data were reviewed for 4140 severely head-injured patients (Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores 3-8) treated at Xi-Jing Hospital between 1973 and 1993; 51 of these patients had acute penetrating craniocerebral injuries caused(More)
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