Wen Juan Dai

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Echinococcus multilocularis causes alveolar echinococcosis, one of the most lethal helminthic (accidental) infections in humans, as the life cycle predominantly includes wildlife rodents as intermediate hosts. The physical barrier between the proliferating parasitic metacestode and the host tissue is the acellular laminated layer (LL), which is(More)
Using interleukin-10 (IL-10)-deficient (IL-10(-/-)) mice, previous studies revealed a pathological immune response after infection with Trypanosoma cruzi that is associated with CD4(+) T cells and overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines. In this study we further investigate the pathology and potential mediators for the mortality in infected animals. T.(More)
Neosporosis is a disease affecting predominantly fetal development in cattle and dog hosts; and it may cause neuromuscular disfunction in infected new-born calves and pups. Predispositions – including, e.g. transient immunosuppression during pregnancy – may result in an increased dissemination of the parasite within the host or its offspring.(More)
We have studied IL-12p35-deficient (IL-12p35(-/-)) mice to evaluate the role of IL-12 in resistance against Listeria monocytogenes. In the absence of bioactive IL-12p75, mutant mice acquired higher bacterial organ burden than wild-type mice and died during the first week following infection with normally sublethal doses of Listeria. Moreover, blood(More)
To characterize the roles of lymphoid- and non-lymphoid-derived IL-4 during cutaneous infection with Leishmania mexicana, the disease was monitored in SCID mice reconstituted with splenocytes from either immunocompetent BALB/c mice or IL-4-deficient BALB/c mice. Whereas following s.c. infection with L. mexicana no lesion growth was observed in BALB/c(More)
The metacestode (larval) stages of the cestode parasites Echinococcus vogeli and E. multilocularis were isolated from the peritoneal cavity of experimentally infected C57BL/6 mice and were cultured in vitro for a period of up to 4 mo under conditions normally applied for the in vitro cultivation of E. multilocularis metacestodes. In contrast to E.(More)
Mice deficient in interleukin-5 (IL-5-/- mice) were generated by gene targeting in embryonal stem cells. Contrary to previous studies, no obligatory role for IL-5 was demonstrated in the regulation of conventional B (B-2) cells, in normal T cell-dependent antibody responses or in cytotoxic T cell development. However, CD5+ B cells (B-1 cells) in the(More)
NK cells are believed to play a mandatory role during the early phases of Listeria monocytogenes infection by producing IFN-gamma, which is required for the activation of macrophage effector functions. Mice deficient in the common cytokine receptor gamma-chain (gamma(c)-/-), which completely lack NK cells, were used to examine whether NK cells were(More)
Virus specific T cell responses play an important role in resolving acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. Using the HLA-A2.1 transgenic mouse model we investigated the potential of a liposomal peptide vaccine to prime a CD8(+) T cell response against 10 different HCV epitopes, relevant for human applications. We were able to demonstrate the induction of(More)
Echinococcus multilocularis causes alveolar echinococcosis primarily in rodents, but also in humans where it represents one of the most lethal helmintic infections. We used a susceptible mouse (C57BL/6) model to demonstrate failure in controlling secondary infection with the E. multilocularis metacestode, even when performed at the lowest possible infection(More)