Wen-Jie Song

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The subthalamic nucleus (STN) directly innervates the output structures of the basal ganglia, playing a key role in basal ganglia function. It is therefore important to understand the regulatory mechanisms for the activity of STN neurons. In the present study, we aimed to investigate how the intrinsic membrane properties of STN neurons interact with their(More)
The subthalamic nucleus (STN) plays a key role in motor control. Although previous studies have suggested that Ca(2+) conductances may be involved in regulating the activity of STN neurons, Ca(2+) channels in this region have not yet been characterized. We have therefore investigated the subtypes and functional characteristics of Ca(2+) conductances in STN(More)
We investigated, in a midbrain parasagittal slice preparation of Wistar rats (postnatal day 9-17), the synaptic inhibition of neurons in the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPN), which was mediated by gamma (gamma)-amino-butyric acid (GABA). Whole-cell patch-clamp recording was used, in combination with a single-cell reverse transcription-polymerase(More)
Depolarization-activated, Ca2+-independent K+ currents can be largely divided into delayed rectifiers and transient A-type currents. In mammals, each of these subtypes exhibits large variations in voltage dependence and kinetics according to cell types. At the molecular level, the principal subunits of depolarization-activated K+ channels are thought to be(More)
KCNQ1, located on 11p15.5, encodes a voltage-gated K(+) channel with six transmembrane regions, and loss-of-function mutations in the KCNQ1 gene cause hereditary long QT syndrome. Recent genetic studies have identified that single nucleotide polymorphisms located in intron 15 of the KCNQ1 gene are strongly associated with type 2 diabetes and impaired(More)
Developing neurons transiently grow numerous spine- or filopodium-like dendritic protrusions (SLDPs). Electron microscopy on identified input and intracellular staining of postsynaptic cells were performed to gain insight into their significance. Newborn kitten-corticorubral axons, labelled with biocytin, commonly made synapses on SLDP, often multiply(More)
A pure tone evokes propagating activities in a strip of the primary auditory cortex (AI), an isofrequency strip (IS). A fundamental issue concerns the roles that thalamocortical input and intracortical connectivity play in generating the activities. Here we addressed this issue in guinea pigs using in vivo and in vitro real-time optical imaging techniques.(More)
The formation of synaptic contacts is a crucial event during neural development and is thought to be achieved by complex interactions between incoming axons and the neurons in the target. We have focused on spine-like dendritic protrusions (SLDPs), which are transient pleomorphic protrusive structures seen in developing brains. Although the functional(More)
Although mature nervous systems show substantial malleability following various surgical or environmental manipulations, developing brains show far more prominent plasticity, particularly in terms of morphological features. Neuronal circuits, for example, can be dramatically rewired following neonatal but not adult brain lesions. It remains unknown why(More)
Channel density is a fundamental factor in determining neuronal firing and is primarily regulated during development through transcriptional and translational regulation. In adult rats, striatal cholinergic interneurons have a prominent A-type current and co-express Kv4.1 and Kv4.2 mRNAs. There is evidence that Kv4.2 plays a primary role in producing the(More)