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Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) has been identified as one of the most potent of endogenous negative regulators of blood vessel growth in the body. Here we report that PEDF is able to inhibit growth factor-induced angiogenesis in microvascular endothelial cells through a novel pathway requiring cleavage and intracellular translocation of the(More)
Stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 (CXC chemokine ligand-12) is a member of the CXC subfamily of chemokines, which, through its cognate receptor (CXC chemokine receptor [CXCR]4), plays an important role in chemotaxis of cancer cells and in tumour metastasis. We conducted the present study to evaluate the effect of SDF-1 on the invasiveness and migration of(More)
Activation of myofibroblast rich stroma is a rate-limiting step essential for cancer progression. The responsible factors are not fully understood, but TGFβ1 is probably critical. A proportion of TGFβ1 is associated with extracellular nano-vesicles termed exosomes, secreted by carcinoma cells, and the relative importance of soluble and vesicular TGFβ in(More)
The KiSS-1 gene encodes a 145 amino acid residue peptide that is further processed to a final peptide, metastin, a ligand to a G-coupled orphan receptor (OT7T175/AXOR12). KiSS-1 has been identified as a putative human metastasis suppressor gene in melanomas and in breast cancer cell lines. This study aimed to determine the expression and distribution of(More)
E-cadherin is a cell-cell adhesion molecule which is anchored to the cytoskeleton via catenins. There is increasing evidence which suggests that E-cadherin also acts as a suppressor of tumour invasion and metastasis. Both in vitro and in vivo studies have revealed that expression of E-cadherin correlates inversely with the motile and invasive behaviour of a(More)
Lipoxygenases and cyclooxygenase are key mediators of arachidonic acid metabolism. The eicosanoids metabolites from these oxygynases have been shown to regulate the growth and death of cancer cells. This study determined the level of expression of 5-, 12-, 15-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase-2 expression in a cohort of breast cancer patients and their(More)
There is substantial evidence that breast cancer tissue contains all the enzymes responsible for the local biosynthesis of estrogens from circulating precursors. The cytochrome P-450 aromatase enzyme complex is responsible for the conversion of C19 androgens to estrogens and 17-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17-β-HSD) type 1 catalyses the(More)
PURPOSE The current study examined the effects of hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) on cell-cell dissociation, invasion, and its association with the mediated release of matrix metalloproteinase-7 (Matrilysin) on the extracellular cleavage of E-cadherin in prostate cancer cells. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The effects of HGF/SF on cell-cell(More)
SPARC (secreted protein acidic and rich in cystein), also known as osteonectin and BM40, is a 32 kDa secreted glycoprotein that interacts with extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins to promote adhesion of cells from the matrix, thereby inducing a biological state conducive to cell migration. SPARC is also thought to play an important role in tissue(More)