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BACKGROUND Pedicle screws with PMMA cement augmentation have been shown to significantly improve the fixation strength in a severely osteoporotic spine. However, the efficacy of screw fixation for different cement augmentation techniques, namely solid screws with retrograde cement pre-filling versus cannulated screws with cement injection through(More)
BACKGROUND The association of lumbar spine instability between laminectomy and laminotomy has been clinically studied, but the corresponding in vitro biomechanical studies have not been reported. We investigated the hypothesis that the integrity of the posterior complex (spinous process-interspinous ligament-spinous process) plays an important role on the(More)
BACKGROUND In multilevel spinal cord compression caused by cervical spondylosis, surgeons face the choice of performing a posterior route as a laminectomy or laminoplasty, or an anterior route as multiple adjacent interbody decompressions or corpectomies. The anterior cervical operation is not considered by some clinicians because of concerns about(More)
Study Design A multinational, multiethnic, cross-sectional image-based study was performed in 33 institutions, representing 10 countries, which were part of the AOSpine Asia Pacific Research Collaboration Consortium. Objective Lumbar facet joint orientation has been reported to be associated with the development of degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). The(More)
Eight fresh porcine lumbar spines received a posterior instrumentation at L4-L5 using pedicle screw-rod system. Each specimen was tested utilizing laminectomies of varying extent. Group A (Integrity) preserved the spinous process and interspinous ligament; Group B (Partial laminectomy) removed the inferior portion of L4 spinous process and preserved the(More)
BACKGROUND Piriformis syndrome (PS), a rare cause of sciatica, is usually diagnosed only after excluding all other possibilities. But this principle is being challenged because of the number of patients with PS who have had ineffective lumbar decompressive surgery after positive findings on image study. METHODS From 2001 to 2004, twelve patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms and changes in range of motion of neighboring mobile segment (adjacent level) after the instrumented posterior stabilization are not completely understood. This study aims to investigate the effect of sagittal alignment on the adjacent joint mobility after lumbar instrumentation. METHODS Eight fresh porcine lumbar spines were(More)
Classifying a nonunion solely on the extent of callus formation on a radiograph is insufficient. We have conducted a study with a revised protocol to classify a nonunion more clearly, which uses both radiographic observation and fixation stability. 47 consecutive femoral shaft nonunions were studied using this protocol and 42 nonunions were followed up for(More)
BACKGROUND The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and coralline hydroxyapatite (HA) or biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) as a bone substitute for posterolateral spinal fusion has been reported. However, the genes and molecular signals by which MSCs interact with their surrounding environment require further elucidation. METHODS MSCs were harvested from(More)
BACKGROUND Although the individual effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) and low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on osteoarthritic (OA) chondrocytes have been reported, the effects of HBO combined with LIPUS treatment are unknown. METHODS OA chondrocytes were obtained from patients undergoing knee replacement surgery. RNA was isolated for real-time(More)