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Melanocortin receptors (MC1R-MC5R) and their ligands (melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) and adrenocorticotrophin hormone (ACTH)) have been shown to influence physiological functions of cells and organs, including exocrine glands. Since relatively little is known about MC5R expression and function in the human sebaceous gland, we examined expression of(More)
Previous animal studies have demonstrated that alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) is a sebotropic hormone in rats and that targeted disruption of melanocortin 5 receptor (MC5-R) can down-regulate sebum output in mice. To study the role of proopiomelanocortin (POMC) peptides in the regulation of human sebaceous lipid production and sebocyte(More)
The melanocortins (α-MSH, β-MSH, γ-MSH, and ACTH) bind to the melanocortin receptors and signal through increases in cyclic adenosine monophosphate to induce biological effects. The melanocortin MC(5) and MC(1) receptors are expressed in human sebaceous glands, which produce sebum, a lipid mixture of squalene, wax esters, triglycerides, cholesterol esters,(More)
The protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) is a seven transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor that could be activated by serine protease cleavage or by synthetic peptide agonists. We showed earlier that activation of PAR-2 with Ser-Leu-Ile-Gly-Arg-Leu-NH(2) (SLIGRL), a known PAR-2 activating peptide, induces keratinocyte phagocytosis and increases skin(More)
BACKGROUND The loss of subcutaneous (sc) fat is associated with aging. Inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1 α (IL-1α), interleukin-11 (IL-11) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), are known to inhibit the differentiation of preadipocytes. OBJECTIVE This study investigated the potential role of inflammatory cytokines in solar-radiation-induced(More)
Solar lentigines (SLs) are hyperpigmentary lesions presented on sun-exposed areas of the skin and associated with ageing. The molecular mechanism of SL initiation is not completely understood. Ultraviolet B (UVB) stimulates keratinocytes to produce interlukin-1 alpha (IL-1α), which then induces keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) secretion; therefore, we(More)
BACKGROUND The melanocortin receptor-5 (MC5R) is present in human sebaceous glands, where it is expressed in differentiated sebocytes only. The targeted disruption of MC5R in mice resulted in reduced sebaceous lipid production and a severe defect in water repulsion. OBJECTIVE To investigate the physiological function of MC5R in human sebaceous glands. (More)
Acne vulgaris is a disease of pilosebaceous units with multifactorial pathogenesis, including hyperkeratinization, increased sebum secretion, and inflammation. Recently, it was suggested that acne subjects may have also impaired skin barrier. We hypothesized that excess unsaturated free fatty acids (UFFA) present in the sebum may cause barrier impairment(More)