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Flowering represents a crucial transition from a vegetative to a reproductive phase of the plant life cycle. Despite extensive studies, the molecular mechanisms controlling flowering remain elusive. Although the enzymes involved are unknown, methylation of histone H3 K9 and K27 correlates with repression of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC), an essential(More)
Histone lysines can be mono-, di-, or trimethylated, providing an ample magnitude of epigenetic information for transcription regulation. In fungi, SET2 is the sole methyltransferase responsible for mono-, di-, and trimethylation of H3K36. Here we show that in Arabidopsis thaliana, the degree of H3K36 methylation is regulated by distinct methyltransferases.(More)
Most plant organs develop postembryonically from stem cells in the shoot and root meristems. In Arabidopsis, Class I KNOTTED-like homeobox (KNOX) transcription factors are specifically expressed in shoot meristems and play a primary role in the maintenance of meristem function. Although suppression of KNOX was shown to associate with histone(More)
Histone H3 lysine 4 trimethylation (H3K4me3) is abundant in euchromatin and is in general associated with transcriptional activation in eukaryotes. Although some Arabidopsis thaliana SET DOMAIN GROUP (SDG) genes have been previously shown to be involved in H3K4 methylation, they are unlikely to be responsible for global genome-wide deposition of H3K4me3.(More)
Four full-length and one partial cDNA clones encoding four different A-type cyclins were isolated from a tobacco S-phase-specific library. The corresponding mRNAs displayed sequential appearance and disappearance during the cell cycle of highly synchronized suspension-cultured tobacco cells. Sequence analysis showed that the plant A-type cyclins can be(More)
Polycomb group genes play crucial roles in the maintenance of the transcriptionally silenced state of genes for proper cell differentiation in animals and plants. While components of the polycomb repressive complex2 (PRC2) are evolutionarily conserved and their functions are extensively studied in plants, PRC1 differs considerably between animals and(More)
Although most of the components of the cell cycle machinery are conserved in all eukaryotes, plants differ strikingly from animals by the absence of a homolog of E-type cyclin, an important regulator involved in G1/S-checkpoint control in animals. By contrast, plants contain a complex range of A-type cyclins, with no fewer than 10 members in Arabidopsis. We(More)
As sessile organisms, plants have to endure a wide variety of biotic and abiotic stresses, and accordingly they have evolved intricate and rapidly inducible defense strategies associated with the activation of a battery of genes. Among other mechanisms, changes in chromatin structure are thought to provide a flexible, global, and stable means for the(More)
Covalent modifications of histone lysine residues by methylation play key roles in the regulation of chromatin structure and function. In contrast to H3K9 and H3K27 methylations that mark repressive states of transcription and are absent in some lower eukaryotes, H3K4 and H3K36 methylations are considered as active marks of transcription and are highly(More)
Cullin proteins, which belong to multigenic families in all eukaryotes, associate with other proteins to form ubiquitin protein ligases (E3s) that target substrates for proteolysis by the 26S proteasome. Here, we present the molecular and genetic characterization of a plant Cullin3. In contrast to fungi and animals, the genome of the model plant Arabidopsis(More)