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The paired box genes are a family of nine developmental control genes, which in human beings (PAX) and mice (Pax) encode nuclear transcription factors. The temporal and spatial expressions of these highly conserved genes are tightly regulated during foetal development including organogenesis. PAX/Pax genes are switched off during the terminal(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of frailty and to investigate the relationship between frailty status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the community-dwelling elderly population who utilize preventive health services. METHODS People aged 65 years and older who visited a medical center in Taipei City from(More)
The elevated serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) rate among people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is unknown and have not been sufficiently studies. The present paper aims to provide the profile of GOT and GPT, and their associated relationship with other biochemical levels of children or adolescents(More)
AIM To investigate changes of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and TNFR-I expression in vital organs and their significance in the pathogenesis of multiple organ damage associated with endogenous endotoxin following major burns. METHODS Wistar rats subjected to a 35 % full-thickness scald injury were sacrificed at 12 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h(More)
Evidence indicates that reduced cardiac vagal (parasympathetic) tone, a robust cardiovascular risk factor, is a trait vulnerability marker of major depressive disorder (MDD). The Ser205/Ser205 genotype of the functional polymorphism (Ser205Leu) of the nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR), also called p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)), gene is reported to(More)
Transcription factor PAX3/Pax3 contributes to diverse cell lineages during embryonic development and is important in tumourigenesis. We found that PAX3 is re-expressed in neuroblastoma and malignant neuroblastic (N-type) neuroblastoma cells had significantly higher PAX3 protein expression than their benign substrate-adherent (S-type) counterparts.(More)
The aims of the preset study were to describe the profile of serum uric acid, the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its risk factors among children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 941 children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (aged 4-18 years) who participated in annual health examinations(More)
There has been a widespread impression that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) mediate the toxicity of high doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS, endotoxin) and are key factors in septic shock. However, the clinical efficacy of treatment with antagonists of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta is still controversial, suggesting that(More)
The Val/Val genotype of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) polymorphism (Val66Met) has been reported to affect human anxiety-related phenotypes. Substantial research has demonstrated that anxiety is associated with sympathetic activation, while sex steroid hormones have been shown to exert differential actions in regulating BDNF expression. Thus,(More)
Recent studies have suggested that polymorphisms in toll-like receptor 9 (TLR-9), an endosomal TLR, are associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA). TLR-3, -7, and -8 are also found on the surface of endosomes and to investigate whether similar associations exist with polymorphisms in these TLR genes we performed a two-stage case-control study and genotyped 11(More)