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OBJECTIVE Secondary confirmation of endotracheal (ET) tube position by ultrasound image. DESIGN Prospective, randomized study. SETTING A medical center-based tertiary pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENTS A total of 59 patients aged from newborn to 17 yrs old underwent ET tube insertion because of cardiopulmonary arrest or impending respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Oxidative stress is an important pathogenic factor in the development of hypertension. Resveratrol, the main antioxidant in red wine, improves NO bioavailability and prevents cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to examine whether resveratrol decreases the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), thereby reducing BP(More)
INTRODUCTION Acceleration on the +Gz axis increases pressure in the cardiac chambers. Our research was designed to study whether: 1) such acceleration would impair cardiac function; and 2) a "preconditioning" exposure to +Gz would protect the heart from any such effects. METHODS There were 45 male Sprague-Dawley rats that were randomly divided into 3(More)
Agenesis of corpus callosum (ACC) often accompanies other neural migration disorders and its prognosis must take these disorders and other associated abnormalities into account. Isolated complete ACC, i.e., agenesis of corpus callosum without other central nervous system anomaly, is rare. A total of six patients, aged nine months to 15 years, with isolated(More)
Central venous access is an important aspect of medical treatment in intensive care units. We frequently require central venous catheterization (CVC) for total parenteral nutrition (TPN), intravenous antibiotics, multiple transfusions, and chemotherapy. The primary aim of this study is to demonstrate that percutaneous central venous catheterization in(More)
OBJECTIVES Among enterovirus 71 infections, brainstem encephalitis progressing abruptly to cardiac dysfunction and pulmonary edema causes rapid death within several hours. However, no currently known early indicators and treatments can monitor or prevent the unexpectedly fulminant course. We investigate the possible mechanisms and treatment of fatal(More)
BACKGROUND Central venous catheterization is an important procedure for infant patients for a number of different purposes, including nutritional support, surgical operation, hemodynamic monitoring, and multiple lines for critical care medications. Subclavian vein catheterization (SVC) is one of the central vein catheterization techniques. SVC can be(More)
BACKGROUND Kawasaki disease is the most common cause of pediatric acquired heart disease. The role of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 in the inflammatory process has been documented. To date, no report has investigated the relationship between coronary artery lesions of Kawasaki disease and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1(More)
It is controversial to observe or close symptomatic congenital coronary artery fistula in infants. We herein describe a medium-sized symptomatic congenital coronary artery fistula that underwent rapid spontaneous closure in an infant aged <3 months.