Wen-Hsien Liu

Learn More
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been broadly implicated in cancer, but their exact function and mechanism in carcinogenesis remain poorly understood. Elevated miR-17~92 expression is frequently found in human cancers, mainly due to gene amplification and Myc-mediated transcriptional upregulation. Here we show that B cell-specific miR-17~92 transgenic mice developed(More)
The physiological activity of Notch is a function of its ability to increase survival in many cell types. Several pathways have been shown to contribute to the survival effect of Notch, but the exact mechanism of Notch action is not completely understood. Here we identified that the regulation of cell survival by Notch intracellular domain could partly be(More)
Follicular helper T cells (T(FH) cells) provide critical help to B cells during humoral immune responses. Here we report that mice with T cell-specific deletion of the miR-17∼92 family of microRNAs (miRNAs) had substantially compromised T(FH) differentiation, germinal-center formation and antibody responses and failed to control chronic viral infection.(More)
Deltex is known as a Notch signal mediator, but its physiological action mechanism is poorly understood. Here we identified a new regulatory role of Deltex in T-cell activation. Deltex expression was constitutive in resting T cells and was reduced upon T-cell receptor (TCR)-stimulated activation. The biological role of Deltex is supported by the enhanced(More)
The molecular process underlying T cell anergy is incompletely understood. Deltex1 (DTX1) is a Notch target with unknown physiological function. Here we show that Dtx1 was a transcription target of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) and participated in T cell anergy. DTX1 protein was upregulated during T cell anergy, and transgenic expression of(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) deficiency impairs the generation of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells, but the contribution of individual miRNAs to this phenotype remains poorly understood. In this study, we performed deep sequencing analysis of miRNAs expressed in Tfh cells and identified a five-miRNA signature. Analyses of mutant mice deficient of these miRNAs revealed(More)
Application of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in transplantation, autoimmunity and allergy has been extensively explored, but how Foxp3 and Treg stability is regulated in vivo is incompletely understood. Here, we identify a requirement for Deltex1 (DTX1), a contributor to T-cell anergy and Foxp3 protein level maintenance in vivo. Dtx1(-/-) Tregs are as(More)
The generation of T cell anergy is associated with upregulation of ubiquitin E3 ligases including Casitas B-lineage lymphoma (Cbl-b), Itch, gene related to anergy in lymphocyte, and deltex1 (DTX1). These E3 ligases attenuate T cell activation by targeting to signaling molecules. For example, Cbl-b and Itch promote the degradation of protein kinase Cθ (PKCθ)(More)
Hyun Yong Jin, Hiroyo Oda, Maoyi Lai, Rebecca L Skalsky, Kelly Bethel, Jovan Shepherd, Seung Goo Kang, Wen-Hsien Liu, Mohsen Sabouri-Ghomi, Bryan R Cullen, Klaus Rajewsky and Changchun Xiao* Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA, Kellogg School of Science and Technology, The Scripps Research(More)