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The implosion of centrally-planned economies has led to a widespread and uncritical belief that a free market is the best mechanism for structuring the economic and social sectors. Many international agencies have pushed this belief on the developing nations. This paper offers a critical analysis of the effectiveness of using free market principles to(More)
In [7], Yan et al. analyzed Koczy and Hirota's linear interpolative reasoning method presented in I-2, 3] and found that the reasoning consequences by their method sometimes become abnormal fuzzy sets. Thus, they pointed out that a new interpolative reasoning method will be needed which can guarantee that the interpolated conclusion will also be(More)
This paper devises a semi-supervised learning method called semi-supervised linear discriminant clustering (Semi-LDC). The proposed algorithm considers clustering and dimensionality reduction simultaneously by connecting K -means and linear discriminant analysis (LDA). The goal is to find a feature space where the K -means can perform well in the new space.(More)
This study employs our proposed semi-supervised clustering method called Constrained-PLSA to cluster tagged documents with a small amount of labeled documents and uses two data sets for system performance evaluations. The first data set is a document set whose boundaries among the clusters are not clear; while the second one has clear boundaries among(More)
Universum, a collection of nonexamples that do not belong to any class of interest, has become a new research topic in machine learning. This paper devises a semi-supervised learning with Universum algorithm based on boosting technique, and focuses on situations where only a few labeled examples are available. We also show that the training error of(More)
—In this paper, we propose an algorithm called coherence hidden Markov model (HMM) to extract coherence features and rank content. Coherence HMM is a variant of HMM and is used to model the stochastic process of essay writing and identify topics as hidden states, given sequenced clauses as observations. This study uses probabilistic latent semantic analysis(More)