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BACKGROUND Most studies that have evaluated the association between the body-mass index (BMI) and the risks of death from any cause and from specific causes have been conducted in populations of European origin. METHODS We performed pooled analyses to evaluate the association between BMI and the risk of death among more than 1.1 million persons recruited(More)
Heme oxygenase is a rate-limiting enzyme in heme degradation, leading to the generation of free iron, biliverdin, and carbon monoxide. Induction of heme oxygenase-1 is implicated in the antioxidant defense mechanism and can modulate vascular function. To test the association of microsatellite polymorphism in the promoter region of human HO-1 gene with the(More)
OBJECTIVE The association between hyperuricemia and cardiovascular events has been documented in high-risk groups, but is still undetermined in general populations, especially Chinese. This study assessed the temporal association between serum uric acid level, hyperuricemia, and cardiovascular mortality. METHODS A prospective cohort study of 41,879 men(More)
BACKGROUND Recommendations based on scanty data have been made to lower the body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) cutoff for obesity in Asians. OBJECTIVE The goal was to compare relations between BMI and metabolic comorbidity among Asians and US whites and blacks. METHODS We compared the prevalence rate, sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and(More)
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a rising disease entity characterized by a clustering of metabolic conditions. Although prevalence of obesity as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) is relatively low in Asia compared to western countries, metabolic syndrome is growing into a significant public health problem. Comparative studies indicate that metabolic(More)
Healthy adult volunteers (no. = 208), men and women aged 30 to 65 years, participated in a 12-week study on dietary fat modification plus oat product ingestion (60 gm/day) to test whether moderate daily intake of oat bran and oatmeal enhanced serum lipid response. During weeks 0 to 6, all participants followed the American Heart Association fat-modified(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate global, regional (21 regions) and national (187 countries) sodium intakes in adults in 1990 and 2010. DESIGN Bayesian hierarchical modelling using all identifiable primary sources. DATA SOURCES AND ELIGIBILITY We searched and obtained published and unpublished data from 142 surveys of 24 h urinary sodium and 103 of dietary sodium(More)
Young-onset hypertension has a stronger genetic component than late-onset counterpart; thus, the identification of genes related to its susceptibility is a critical issue for the prevention and management of this disease. We carried out a two-stage association scan to map young-onset hypertension susceptibility genes. The first-stage analysis, a genome-wide(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide reliable age- and region-specific estimates of the associations between diabetes and major cardiovascular diseases and death in populations from the Asia-Pacific region. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty-four cohort studies from Asia, Australia, and New Zealand (median follow-up, 5.4 years) provided individual participant data from(More)
BACKGROUND The occurrence of diabetes has greatly increased in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in Asia, as has the prevalence of overweight and obesity; in European-derived populations, overweight and obesity are established causes of diabetes. The shape of the association of overweight and obesity with diabetes risk and its overall impact(More)