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Glycoprotein B (gB) of herpes simplex virus type 1 is an envelope protein that is essential for viral growth. We previously reported the isolation of two gB-null viruses, which form gB-free virions in nonpermissive cells. In the present study, these gB-free virions were shown to bind to the cell surface at the same rate as the wild-type virus. They failed,(More)
In an earlier report (S.D. Marlin, S.L. Highlander, T.C. Holland, M. Levine, and J.C. Glorioso, J. Virol. 59: 142-153), we described the production and use of complement-dependent virus-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and MAb-resistant (mar) mutants to identify five antigenic sites (I to V) on herpes simplex virus type 1 glycoprotein B (gB). In(More)
Novel lavendamycin analogues with various substituents were synthesized and evaluated as potential NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1)-directed antitumor agents. Pictet-Spengler condensation of quinoline- or quninoline-5,8-dione aldehydes with tryptamine or tryptophans yielded the lavendamycins. Metabolism studies with recombinant human NQO1 revealed that(More)
Analysis of six monoclonal antibody-resistant (mar) mutants in herpes simplex virus type 1 glycoprotein B identified two type-common (II and III) and two type-specific (I and IV) antigenic sites on this molecule. To derive additional information on the location of these sites, mar mutations were mapped and nucleotide alterations were identified by DNA(More)
Lavendamycin is a bacterially derived quinolinedione that displays significant antimicrobial and antitumor activities. However, preclinical development of lavendamycin as an anticancer agent was halted due to the poor aqueous solubility and relatively nonspecific cytotoxic activity of this compound. In this report, we have examined the cytotoxic activities(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) glycoproteins K and B (gK and gB) are intimately involved in virus-induced fusion of cells. Certain mutations in the UL27 (gB) and UL53 (gK) genes confer a syncytial (syn) phenotype characterized by extensive fusion of infected cells and giving rise to multinucleated cells. We have used HSV-1 syn mutants in conjunction(More)
A series of 7-N-acyllavendamycins with zero, one or two substituents at the C-2', C-3', and C-11' were synthesized through short and efficient methods. Pictet-Spengler condensation of 7-N-acylamino-2-formylquinoline-5,8-diones with tryptamine or tryptophans produced the desired lavendamycins. Screening data on a panel of three ras oncogene-transformed cell(More)
Novel lavendamycins including two water soluble derivatives were synthesized via short and efficient methods. Pictet-Spengler condensation of 7-N-acylamino-2-formylquinoline-5,8-diones with tryptophans produced lavendamycin esters or amides 11-17. Lavendamycins 18-21 were obtained, respectively, by further transformations of 13-15 and 17. Several(More)
Air temperature (Tair) near the ground surface is a fundamental descriptor of terrestrial environment conditions and one of the most widely used climatic variables in global change studies. The main objective of this study was to explore the possibility of retrieving high-resolution Tair from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) land(More)
[structure: see text] Novel 6-substituted lavendamycins have been synthesized for the first time. The key step in these syntheses is a Pictet-Spengler condensation (Scheme 1). Efficient methods for the synthesis of each compound, including a novel reaction for the facile introduction of alkylamino groups at the C-6 position of the lavendamycin system, are(More)