Wen-Fung Liu

Learn More
A modulator is reported in which an extensional acoustic wave is launched along a fiber Bragg grating. The acousto-optic superlattice effect causes an enhancement in reflectivity within a narrow spectral region on both sides of the Bragg wavelength. For a fixed acoustic propagation direction, the Doppler shift can be either positive or negative, depending(More)
A temperature-insensitive optical fiber tilt sensor is presented. The sensor scheme uses a prestrained fiber Bragg grating to sense the strain, which depends on the tilt angle. To compensate for the temperature effect, materials that have different linear thermal expansion behaviors are used for implementation of the sensor body. The differentiation in the(More)
Coupling between copropagating core and cladding modes was implemented by acoustic generation of lateral vibration of an etched fiber. When these coupling processes were combined with counterpropagating coupling of a core mode and a cladding mode and the Bragg reflection of a fiber grating, switching of reflection wavelength between the Bragg wavelength and(More)
By means of novel packaged-structure design, a temperature independent differential pressure sensor based on fiber Bragg gratings with high sensitivity is experimentally demonstrated. The differential pressure sensitivity of the sensor can reach to 821.87nm/MPa. This device can also be used for simultaneous measurement of temperature and differential(More)
We have carried out detailed investigations on the light absorption mechanism in single crystalline silicon (c-Si) (core)/amorphous Si (a-Si) (shell) coaxial nanowires (NWs). Based on the Lorenz-Mie light scattering theory, we have found that the light absorption in the coaxial NWs relies on the leaky mode resonances and that the light absorption can be(More)
A complex grating decay process is observed at elevated temperatures as predicted by a recently proposed three-energy-level model. We have also measured thermal stability of fiber gratings of both positive and negative index changes in a boron-codoped germanosilicate fiber in order to characterize the energy levels of the system and to predict grating(More)
This paper demonstrates an optical fiber sensor using a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) to measure real and reactive powers. The sensor head is based on FBG encapsulated in a metal cylinder embedded a magnetic material at measure point. The operating mechanism is the sensor can be attracted by the induced magnetic force created by the apparent power in the(More)
A simple refractive index sensor based on a small section of fiber damaged by the fiber fuse is proposed and demonstrated with a sensitivity of 350.58 nm/refractive index unit (RIU). For comparison, a hetero-core structure fiber sensor composed of a short no-core fiber (NCF) sandwiched between two pieces of single-mode fibers is demonstrated with a(More)