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DNA mismatch repair is critical for increasing replication fidelity in organisms ranging from bacteria to humans. MutS protein, a member of the ABC ATPase superfamily, recognizes mispaired and unpaired bases in duplex DNA and initiates mismatch repair. Mutations in human MutS genes cause a predisposition to hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer as well(More)
The MutS protein initiates DNA mismatch repair by recognizing mispaired and unpaired bases embedded in duplex DNA and activating endo- and exonucleases to remove the mismatch. Members of the MutS family also possess a conserved ATPase activity that belongs to the ATP binding cassette (ABC) superfamily. Here we report the crystal structure of a ternary(More)
Human MutLalpha, a heterodimer of hMLH1 and hPMS2, is essential for DNA mismatch repair. Inactivation of the hmlh1 or hpms2 genes by mutation or epigenesis causes genomic instability and a predisposition to hereditary non-polyposis cancer. We report here the X-ray crystal structures of the conserved N-terminal 40 kDa fragment of hPMS2, NhPMS2, and its(More)
MutS, MutL and MutH are the three essential proteins for initiation of methyl-directed DNA mismatch repair to correct mistakes made during DNA replication in Escherichia coli. MutH cleaves a newly synthesized and unmethylated daughter strand 5' to the sequence d(GATC) in a hemi-methylated duplex. Activation of MutH requires the recognition of a DNA mismatch(More)
XRCC4 is essential for carrying out non-homologous DNA end joining (NHEJ) in all eukaryotes and, in particular, V(D)J recombination in vertebrates. Xrcc4 protein forms a complex with DNA ligase IV that rejoins two DNA ends in the last step of V(D)J recombination and NHEJ to repair double strand breaks. XRCC4-defective cells are extremely sensitive to(More)
Slipped capital femoral epiphyses are rarely associated with primary hyperparathyroidism, and only four cases have been documented in the English literature. We report such a case. A 13-year-old boy presented with bilateral slipped capital femoral epiphyses. Investigation showed that he had primary hyperparathyroidism due to a parathyroid adenoma. The(More)
The DNA mismatch repair protein, MutS, is a dimeric protein that recognizes mismatched bases and has an intrinsic ATPase activity. Here, a series of Taq MutS proteins having C-terminal truncations in the vicinity of a highly conserved helix-u-turn-helix (HuH) motif are assessed for subunit oligomerization, ATPase activity and DNA mismatch binding. Those(More)
We evaluated 887 hips in 672 patients with uncemented MicroStructured Omnifit acetabular components for liner locking complications. We found 2 types of radiographic signs of liner locking system complications in 7 hips, developing between 2 and 4 years postoperatively. The incidence of liner locking system complications was 0.8% using this modular(More)
We retrospectively reviewed 45 hip arthroplasties which were performed over a period of 20 years in 38 patients with cirrhosis of the liver. There was a high perioperative 30-day complication rate (26.7%). Advanced cirrhosis was associated with a higher risk of complications (p = 0.004) as also was increased age, a high level of creatinine, a low level of(More)