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This case-control study aimed to characterize the factors associated with amebiasis, defined as presence of anti-Entamoeba histolytica antibody titers of ≧ 128 by indirect hemagglutination assay, among persons seeking voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Between April 2006 and September 2009, 57 of 4,802(More)
BACKGROUND Incidence of Entamoeba histolytica infection and clinical manifestations and treatment response of invasive amebiasis (IA) in HIV-infected patients have rarely been investigated before. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS At the National Taiwan University Hospital, medical records of HIV-infected patients who received a diagnosis of IA between 1994(More)
Ribavirin (RBV), a guanosine analogue, has been suggested to exert an antiviral action against hepatitis C virus (HCV) by causing lethal mutations and suppressing RNA polymerase in vitro, but the mechanism of its clinical therapeutic effects is currently unknown. To test the hypothesis that RBV could act both as an RNA mutagen and inhibit viral RNA(More)
Outbreaks of sexually transmitted hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections have been recently reported in HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) in Europe, Australia, and North America. Little is known concerning whether this also occurs in other Asia-Pacific countries. Between 1994 and 2010, a prospective observational cohort study was performed to assess(More)
Aberrant serum IgG N-glycome has been demonstrated in various autoimmune diseases and viral infections. However, the correlation between serum IgG N-glycome and cytokine is unclear. In addition, the clinical relevance of IgG glycosylation and cytokine changes in the treatment outcome of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) has never been assessed. One hundred and(More)
OBJECTIVES Metabolic complications related to antiretroviral therapy are rarely investigated among HIV-infected patients in Asian countries. We investigated the prevalence of and factors associated with metabolic syndrome among HIV-infected patients who are ethnic Chinese in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Little is known about the factors associated with syphilis among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) with access to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in Taiwan, where MSM has re-emerged as the leading risk group for HIV transmission. METHODS From March to October 2011, MSM who regularly(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to compare the serologic response between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) receiving two and three doses of hepatitis A virus (HAV) vaccine and HIV-uninfected MSM receiving two doses of HAV vaccine. Between June 2009 and December 2010, 582 MSM aged 18 to(More)
Influenza virus-like particles (VLPs) are noninfectious and the assembly of influenza VLPs depends on the interactions of M1 proteins and/or other viral surface proteins, such as HA, NA, and M2, with the cellular lipid membranes. In this study we propose that M2 protein can be used as a molecular fabricator without disrupting the assembly of VLPs and while(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence and trends of antiretroviral drug resistance among HIV-1-infected Taiwanese patients who have been provided with free-of-charge antiretroviral therapy (ART) since 1990. METHODS Blood samples collected from 786 HIV-1-infected patients from 1999 to 2006 were subjected to genotypic resistance assay. Antiretroviral(More)