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Knowledge flow between public and private sectors is widely recognized as a way to stimulate innovation and regional development, particularly in science parks. This work employs a bibliometric approach, based on patent citation, non-patent citation, and public–private co-authorship of scientific publications to measure the use of public research in Hsinchu(More)
In this study ALOS multispectral images were used to compare landcover patterns in three study areas, namely Tokyo, Kyoto, and Taipei, of different degrees of urbanization. Shannon diversity index at cell level was used as a landscape metric for landcover pattern analysis. Both the landcover type richness and evenness are low in most of the Tokyo study area(More)
1. [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate ([3H]QNB) binding in rat cerebral and cerebellar synaptosomes had different Bmax values, but similar Kd values. 2. These bindings could be displaced by classic muscarinic agents: pilocarpine (partial agonist), and atropine (antagonist), which both had similar binding affinities in rat cerebral and cerebellar synaptosomes. 3.(More)
1. The possible involvement of guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP)-binding proteins in the receptor mediated polyphosphoinositide (PPI) turnover event was investigated in rat cortical synaptosomes. 2. It was studied under the effects of guanine nucleotides on 32Pi incorporation into synaptosomal phospholipids in the absence or presence of carbachol. 3. The(More)
The linking event between the activation of muscarinic M1 receptors and the stimulation of polyphosphoinositide (PPI) turnover was studied in rat brain synaptosomes from the muscarinic M1 enriched cerebrum and M2 enriched cerebellum. The muscarinic M1 selective antagonists, pirenzepine and trihexyphenidyl, and M2 selective antagonist AF-DX-116 were chosen(More)
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