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The Gambia government, NGOs and donor agencies have given high priority to fruits and vegetable production. The production of fruits and vegetables by women groups plays significant role in the socioeconomic development of the country as provider of food, foreign exchange earner, employer and income earner. However, there are problems women growers(More)
The adoption of organic production and processing is highly determined by market demand. Therefore, this is reflected in consumers' perceptions and attitudes towards organic food products. This research draws on a survey of 390 respondents. Results indicated that the main reasons for purchasing organic food products are an expectation of a healthier and(More)
BACKGROUND One dose of benzathine penicillin G (BPG) has been recommended for HIV-infected patients with early syphilis (primary, secondary, and early latent syphilis) in the sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, but clinical data to support such a recommendation are limited. METHODS We prospectively observed the serological response to 1 or(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical differentiation of influenza from dengue and other febrile illnesses (OFI) is difficult, and available rapid diagnostic tests have limited sensitivity. METHODS We conducted a retrospective study to compare clinical and laboratory findings between (i) influenza and dengue and (ii) influenza and OFI. RESULTS Of 849 enrolled patients,(More)
Tourism has been promoted as a rural development strategy in many countries. In Costa Rica, this has been done through a network of private and public organizations that support community-based tourism in rural areas. The objective of this research is to analyze how embedding grassroots organizations (GROs) in support networks may overcome some of the(More)
BACKGROUND While doxycycline is recommended as an alternative treatment of syphilis in patients with penicillin allergy or intolerance, clinical studies to compare serological response to doxycycline versus benzathine penicillin in treatment of early syphilis among HIV-infected patients remain sparse. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the medical(More)
Neutralizing anti-interferon-γ autoantibody (nAIGA)-associated immunodeficiency is an emerging medical issue worldwide. In the present study, we describe and discuss the clinical features and outcomes of patients with nAIGAs and disseminated infections by nontuberculous mycobacteria (dNTM).We thoroughly reviewed the medical records of all patients.(More)
Autoantibodies to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) can cause acquired pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). Cases of acquired PAP susceptible to typical respiratory pathogens and opportunistic infections have been reported. Anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies have been reported in a few patients with cryptococcal meningitis. This study(More)
In the light of emerging debates about increasing agricultural production and food security for rural farmers in developing countries, this paper examines the effects of household wealth on adoption and use intensity of improved maize varieties (IMVs) in two agro-ecological regions of central Nepal. Using cross-sectional farm-level data from 416 households,(More)
The present study investigates the effects of multimedia annotation through the discourse scheme and summary writing through the grounding theory (Chang, 1997) on text comprehension. Specifically, the study focuses on examining the influences of multimedia annotation from a special perspective, namely, the use of modified discourse scheme to trigger EFL(More)