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The Gambia government, NGOs and donor agencies have given high priority to fruits and vegetable production. The production of fruits and vegetables by women groups plays significant role in the socioeconomic development of the country as provider of food, foreign exchange earner, employer and income earner. However, there are problems women growers(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical differentiation of influenza from dengue and other febrile illnesses (OFI) is difficult, and available rapid diagnostic tests have limited sensitivity. METHODS We conducted a retrospective study to compare clinical and laboratory findings between (i) influenza and dengue and (ii) influenza and OFI. RESULTS Of 849 enrolled patients,(More)
Tourism has been promoted as a rural development strategy in many countries. In Costa Rica, this has been done through a network of private and public organizations that support community-based tourism in rural areas. The objective of this research is to analyze how embedding grassroots organizations (GROs) in support networks may overcome some of the(More)
BACKGROUND One dose of benzathine penicillin G (BPG) has been recommended for HIV-infected patients with early syphilis (primary, secondary, and early latent syphilis) in the sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, but clinical data to support such a recommendation are limited. METHODS We prospectively observed the serological response to 1 or(More)
The adoption of organic production and processing is highly determined by market demand. Therefore, this is reflected in consumers' perceptions and attitudes towards organic food products. This research draws on a survey of 390 respondents. Results indicated that the main reasons for purchasing organic food products are an expectation of a healthier and(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated sensory neuropathy (SN) is the most frequent neurological complication of HIV disease. Among the probable mechanisms underlying HIV-SN are neurotoxicity induced by the HIV glycoprotein gp120 and antiretroviral therapies (ART). Since HIV-SN prevalence remains high in patients who have not been exposed(More)
BACKGROUND While doxycycline is recommended as an alternative treatment of syphilis in patients with penicillin allergy or intolerance, clinical studies to compare serological response to doxycycline versus benzathine penicillin in treatment of early syphilis among HIV-infected patients remain sparse. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the medical(More)
An oxidized frying oil (OFO) diet has been reported to induce an increase in lipid peroxidation and a reduction in vitamin E status in animal tissues. This study was performed to investigate how vitamin E metabolism is influenced by OFO. Male Wistar rats were divided into three groups, a control group (CO) and two OFO-fed groups (OF and OFE). The diet of(More)
Neutralizing anti-interferon-γ autoantibody (nAIGA)-associated immunodeficiency is an emerging medical issue worldwide. In the present study, we describe and discuss the clinical features and outcomes of patients with nAIGAs and disseminated infections by nontuberculous mycobacteria (dNTM).We thoroughly reviewed the medical records of all patients.(More)
Autoantibodies to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) can cause acquired pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). Cases of acquired PAP susceptible to typical respiratory pathogens and opportunistic infections have been reported. Anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies have been reported in a few patients with cryptococcal meningitis. This study(More)