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OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to examine changes of attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and psychiatric comorbidities at adolescence, and mother-child agreement on reports of ADHD symptoms among children with ADHD as compared to unaffected controls. METHODS The participants included 93 patients (male, 82.8%) aged 11-16,(More)
BACKGROUND GABRB3 is a position candidate gene at chromosome 15q12 that has been implicated in the neurobiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The aim of this study was to examine the genetic association of GABRB3 with ASD. METHODS The sample consisted of 356 patients with clinical diagnosis of ASD according to the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria and(More)
BACKGROUND Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an early-onset neurodevelopmental disorder with complex genetic underpinning in its etiology. Copy number variations (CNVs) as one of the genetic factors associated with ASD have been addressed in recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, the significance of CNV has not been well investigated in(More)
OBJECTIVE This article aims to evaluate the long-term effects of an interdisciplinary intervention program on cognitively impaired older persons after hip fracture in Taiwan. METHODS Of 160 subjects randomly assigned to control (n = 81) and intervention (n  =  79) groups, 24 (29.6%) and 27 (34.2%) were cognitively impaired in the control and intervention(More)
Previous evidence suggests that language function is modulated by genetic variants on chromosome 7q31-36. However, it is unclear whether this region harbors loci that contribute to speech delay in autism. We previously reported that the WNT2 gene located on 7q31 was associated with the risk of autism. Additionally, two other genes on 7q31-36, FOXP2 and the(More)
AIM To investigate the effects of age, gender, prenatal/perinatal factors, and maternal psychological distress on childhood emotional/behavioral problems, and the gender difference in the patterns of comorbid emotional/behavioral problems. METHODS The sample included 1391 children aged 4-9 in Taipei using a multi-stage sampling method. Their mothers(More)
Parental explanatory models about autism influence the type of therapy a child receives, the child's well-being, and the parents' own psychological adaptation. This qualitative study explored explanatory models used by parents of children with autism. In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 parents of children with autism from a medical center in Taiwan.(More)
BACKGROUND Comparative gene expression profiling analysis is useful in discovering differentially expressed genes associated with various diseases, including mental disorders. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of complex childhood-onset neurodevelopmental and genetic disorders characterized by deficits in language development and verbal(More)
Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with high heritability. Despite different approaches worldwide to identify susceptibility loci or genes for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), no consistent result has been reported. CNS patterning genes have been recognized as candidate genes for autism based on neuroimage and neuropathology evidence. This(More)
AIM This paper is a report of a secondary data analysis to the hypothesis that a child's resourcefulness moderates the relationships between the primary female caregiver's variables (depressive symptoms and learned resourcefulness) and the child's outcomes (depressive symptoms and adaptive functioning). BACKGROUND School-aged children between 10 and 12(More)