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Observations made during the historic 2005 hurricane season document a case of "eyewall replacement." Clouds outside the hurricane eyewall coalesce to form a new eyewall at a greater radius from the storm center, and the old eyewall dies. The winds in the new eyewall are initially weaker than those in the original eyewall, but as the new eyewall contracts,(More)
W hile the observational study of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) has been active since the 1940s (e.g., Newton 1950 and references within), until the Bow Echo and Mesoscale Convective Vortex Experiment (BAMEX) there were no studies designed to sample multiscale aspects of these systems throughout the majority of their life cycles. Previous field(More)
The convection occurring in the tropical depression that became Hurricane Ophelia (2005) was investigated just prior to tropical storm formation. Doppler radar showed a deep, wide, intense convective cell of a type that has been previously thought to occur in intensifying tropical depressions but has not heretofore been documented in detail. The updraft of(More)
[1] Radial velocity (Vr) and reflectivity (Z) data from eight coastal operational radars of mainland China and Taiwan are assimilated for the first time using the ARPS 3DVAR and cloud analysis package for Pacific Typhoon Meranti of 2010. It is shown that the vortex-scale circulations of Meranti can be adequately established after only 2 hourly assimilation(More)
Multiplatform observations of Hurricane Rita (2005) were collected as part of the Hurricane Rainband and Intensity Change Experiment (RAINEX) field campaign during a concentric eyewall stage of the storm's life cycle that occurred during 21–22 September. Satellite, aircraft, dropwindsonde, and Doppler radar data are used here to examine the symmetric(More)
The University of Maryland Electron Ring (UMER) group is currently exploring the physics of space-charge dominated beams. Seventeen Beam Position Monitors (BPMs) will be used to determine the beam centroid for steering correction purposes to within 0.5 mm. Since the pulse length is relatively long (100 ns), the BPMs can also be used for temporal beam(More)
As part of the Second Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment (VORTEX2) field campaign, a very high-resolution, mobile, W-band Doppler radar collected near-surface (#200 m AGL) observations in an EF-0 tornado near Tribune, Kansas, on 25 May 2010 and in sub-tornado-strength vortices near Prospect Valley, Colorado, on 26 May 2010. In(More)
The ground-based velocity track display (GBVTD) technique was developed to estimate the primary circulations of landfalling tropical cyclones (TCs) from single-Doppler radar data. However, GBVTD cannot process aliased Doppler velocities, which are often encountered in intense TCs. This study presents a new gradient velocity track display (GrVTD) algorithm(More)