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PURPOSE To compare the clinical effects of long vs. short intramedullary nails in the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in old patients more than 65 years old. METHODS A retrospective analysis of 178 cases of intertrochanteric fractures of the femur (AO type A1 and A2) in the elderly was conducted from January 2008 to December 2013. There were 85(More)
BACKGROUND Nowadays, many cytotoxic anticancer drugs exhibit low solubility and poor tumor selectivity, which means that the drug formulation is very important. For example, in the case of paclitaxel (PTX), Cremophor EL(®) (BASF, Ludwigshafen, Germany) needs to be used as a solubilizer in its clinical formulation (Taxol(®), Bristol-Myers Squibb, New York,(More)
Results On the T2-T3 continuum Chinese: the perceptual boundary is distinct and there is a significant tendency of the interaction between tone contexts and the identification of T-2 and T-3 (FT2 (1, 7) = 6.44, p<0.05; FT3 (1, 7) =6.10, p<0.05). To make it more concise, the perceptual boundary between T2 and T3 emerges later along the continuum when the(More)
A series of novel self-assembled hyaluronic acid derivatives (HA-C(18)) grafted with hydrophobic octadecyl moiety and further dual targeting folic acid-conjugated HA-C(18) (FA-HA-C(18)) were synthesized. With the increase in the degree of substitution of octadecyl group from 12.7% to 19.3%, the critical micellar concentration of HA-C(18) copolymers(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Deficits in cognitive function are observed during nicotine withdrawal and present a challenge to successful smoking cessation. This clinical trial evaluated a cognitive exercise training (CT) program to improve smoking cessation rates. METHODS Adult treatment-seeking smokers (n=213) were randomized to receive nicotine patch therapy(More)
The Virtual Secretary 2 project ViSe2 focuses on the construction of a multi-agent cooperation system. As a research v ehicle, we have c hosen to build intelligent agents that perform secretarial tasks for their users either by themselves or via cooperation. An individual ViSe2 agent has limited knowledge and problem-solving capabilities. To act better for(More)
Tannase (Tan410) from a soil metagenomic library was immobilized on different supports, including mesoporous silica SBA-15, chitosan, calcium alginate, and amberlite IRC 50. Entrapment in calcium alginate beads was comparatively found to be the best method and was further characterized. The optimum pH of the immobilized Tan410 was shifted toward neutrality(More)
The main task of this study is to establish if a separate low-falling tone could be recognized as Tone-3 in Mandarin. Sixty listeners with different language backgrounds take part in the experiment. Their perception of twelve end-fixed falling pitch contours is reported. The results show that Chinese participants do not perceive low-falling tones as Tone-3;(More)
This paper investigated Mandarin Tone 2-Tone 3 perceptual space in isolated syllables and disyllables of native speakers and Japanese learners. In two experiments, we examined the listeners' use of pitch height and the position of turning point as cues of tone identity. The result showed that, in isolated syllables, Chinese perceived these two tones in(More)