Wells W Magargal

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The spore-forming bacterium Clostridium difficile represents the principal cause of hospital-acquired diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis worldwide. C. difficile infection (CDI) is mediated by 2 bacterial toxins, A and B; neutralizing these toxins with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) provides a potential nonantibiotic strategy for combating the rising(More)
BACKGROUND Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are an emerging class of cancer therapies that have demonstrated favorable activity both as single agents and as components of combination regimens. Phase 2 testing of an ADC targeting prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) in advanced prostate cancer has shown antitumor activity. The present study examined PSMA(More)
A number of proteins that bind specifically to the barbed ends of actin filaments in a cytochalasin-like manner have been purified to various degrees from a variety of muscle and non-muscle cells and tissues. Preliminary evidence also indicates that proteins that interact with the pointed ends of filaments are present in skeletal muscle. Because of their(More)
Transformation of chicken embryo fibroblasts by infection with Rous sarcoma virus has been shown to cause disruption of actin filament organization as seen with fluorescence staining techniques. This study is an attempt to use quantitative biochemical techniques to compare actin-related parameters in normal and transformed cells. Normal cells and cells(More)
Transport and motility inhibitors have been used to classify different types of high-affinity cytochalasin B (CB) binding sites in 3T3 cells. The potency of phloretin and phlorizin as inhibitors of sugar uptake paralleled their effectiveness in displacing high-affinity bound CB from the cells, indicating that the two compounds compete with CB for binding to(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of the antihypertensive effect of the angiotensin I (Ang I) converting enzyme inhibitor captopril in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Drinking responses, peripheral vascular reactivity, and angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor binding in both the brain and vascular smooth muscle were examined in(More)
In populations of cultured arterial endothelial and smooth muscle cells grown under the same conditions, we have measured the total activity per cell of 10 enzymes commonly used as "markers" for subcellular organelles: NADH: ferricyanide reductase, NADH:cytochrome c reductase (rotenone insensitive). NADPH:cytochrome c reductase, alpha-glucosidase,(More)
We layered fresh, unprocessed plasma from healthy rats with early (less than or equal to 7 days) or benign, chronic (greater than 3 wk) one-kidney, one-clip hypertension and from paired one-kidney normotensive control rats over confluent primary-cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells. Plasma from all rats increased cellular ouabain-sensitive 86Rb+ uptake(More)
The subcellular distribution of oleoyl-CoA:1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine acyltransferase (E.C. in cultured swine aorta endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells was investigated. Isolated membrane pellets were centrifuged through linear sucrose gradients, and the distributions of the activities of seven membrane-bound enzymes were measured.(More)
To study the mechanisms and roles of vascular structural changes during the development of hypertension, we coarcted or sham-coarcted the abdominal aorta of rats. At intervals of 3 to 56 days later, we obtained standardized segments of thoracic and abdominal aortas for measurement of dry weight, water content, and amino acid content. Carotid arterial(More)