Learn More
Chromatin compactness has been considered a major determinant of gene activity and has been associated with specific chromatin modifications in studies on a few individual genetic loci. At the same time, genome-wide patterns of open and closed chromatin have been understudied, and are at present largely predicted from chromatin modification and gene(More)
Osteoarthritis is a highly prevalent and debilitating joint disorder. There is no effective medical therapy for the condition because of limited understanding of its pathogenesis. We show that transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is activated in subchondral bone in response to altered mechanical loading in an anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT)(More)
Osteogenesis during bone modeling and remodeling is coupled with angiogenesis. A recent study showed that a specific vessel subtype, strongly positive for CD31 and endomucin (CD31(hi)Emcn(hi)), couples angiogenesis and osteogenesis. Here, we found that platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) secreted by preosteoclasts induces CD31(hi)Emcn(hi) vessel(More)
Transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) plays an important role in hormone-dependent gene expression. In osteoblasts C/EBPbeta can increase insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) transcription following treatment with hormones that activate protein kinase A, but little is known as yet about the expression of C/EBPbeta itself in(More)
In osteoblasts, hormones such as prostaglandin E2 that activate protein kinase A increase the translocation of transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein delta (C/EBPdelta) from the cytoplasm to the nucleus where it rapidly induces IGF-I gene expression. In this study, we identified activation and suppression domains in C/EBPdelta using native and(More)
Variations in transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) activity depend on the expression of specific receptors in normal as well as transformed cells. For example, in addition to mutations in TGF-beta type II receptor (TbetaRII) that abrogate normal TGF-beta function, its expression decreases during the transition from replication to extracellular matrix(More)
Although ambient levels of estradiol and synthesis of the osteoblast growth factor IGF-I are inversely related in vivo, estradiol has little or no direct effect on igf1 gene expression in rat osteoblasts in vitro. Rather, estradiol suppresses the effect of hormones that enhance igf1 expression through protein kinase A dependent activation of CCAAT enhancer(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has potent, cell phenotype restricted effects. In bone, it controls multiple activities by osteoblasts through three predominant receptors. Of these, the relative amounts of TGF-beta receptor I (TbetaRI) vary directly with TGF-beta sensitivity. The rat TbetaRI gene promoter includes cis-acting elements for(More)
A 2225 bp cDNA, designated RPA1, was isolated from an Oryza sativa cDNA library. Analysis revealed a 1761 bp coding sequence with 15 non-identical repeat units. The ORF encoded the A regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A-A) as ascertained by complementation of the yeast tpd3 mutant defective in this gene. The corresponding genomic DNA from a(More)
Osteoarthritis is a highly prevalent and debilitating joint disorder. There is no effective medical therapy for osteoarthritis due to limited understanding of osteoarthritis pathogenesis. We show that TGF–β1 is activated in the subchondral bone in response to altered mechanical loading in an anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) osteoarthritis mouse(More)