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We report here the cloning of a chicken cDNA (402 aa) showing high sequence similarity to the previously cloned rat and human P2X(5) receptors (67 and 69%, respectively). The chicken P2X(5) subunit is encoded by a gene composed of 12 translated exons, which shows conserved genomic structure with mammalian P2X genes. In HEK-293 cells heterologously(More)
1. A membrane conductance activated by extracellular ATP was identified and characterized in freshly dissociated rabbit airway ciliated cells using the whole-cell and outside-out patch configurations of the patch-clamp technique. 2. In solutions designed to maximize currents through voltage-gated calcium channels, there were no indications of voltage-gated(More)
The mucociliary system is responsible for clearing inhaled particles and pathogens from the airways. This important task is performed by the beating of cilia and the consequent movement of mucus from the lungs to the upper airways. Because ciliary motility is enhanced by elevated intracellular calcium concentrations, inhibition of calcium influx could lead(More)
Cilia are small organelles protruding from the cell surface that beat synchronously, producing biological transport. Despite intense research for over a century, the mechanisms underlying ciliary beating are still not well understood. Even the nature of the cytosolic molecules required for spontaneous and stimulated beating is debatable. In an effort to(More)
Airway ciliated cells express an ATP-gated P2X receptor channel of unknown subunit composition (P2X(cilia)) which is modulated by Na+ and by long exposures to ATP. P2X(cilia) was investigated by recording currents from freshly dissociated rabbit airway ciliated cells with the patch-clamp technique in the whole-cell configuration. During the initial(More)
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