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BACKGROUND Spontaneous acute exacerbation (AE) of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is often detrimental but sometimes leads to sustained immune control and disease remission. The efficacy and safety of nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) in patients with spontaneous AE of CHB remains unclear. METHODS We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of NAs in(More)
Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is an immune-mediated infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). No ideal immunological markers are available at present. In this study, the expression level of interferon-gamma inducible protein 10 kD (IP-10) in chronic asymptomatic HBV carriers (AsC), patients with CHB, and patients with HBV-related(More)
Noninvasive serum markers for assessment of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients have not been well-studied. The present study was to evaluate the predictive value of serum interferon gamma-inducible protein-10 (IP-10/CXCL10) and the interferon (IFN)-γ/interleukin (IL)-4 ratio for liver fibrosis progression in CHB patients. A total of 180(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is thought to be an immune-mediated liver disease. The mechanisms underlying natural killer (NK) cell group 2D receptor (NKG2D) that activates NK cells and participates in anti-HBV immunity and immunopathology has not been thoroughly elucidated. Peripheral NKG2D+ and IFN-γ+ NK cells frequencies and intrahepatic NKG2D and(More)
AIMS To evaluate the HBeAg seroconversion rate in real clinical setting and explore its predictors in long-term nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) treatment for chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS 251 patients were recruited from January 2001 to September 2009 in four hospitals in Hebei province, China, for this retrospective study. Clinical and laboratory data(More)
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