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We have previously shown that in urethane-anesthetized rats the frequency of rhythmical slow activity in the hippocampus ("theta") is controlled by the medial supramammillary nucleus (SuM). In particular, injections of procaine into SuM in urethane-anesthetized animals reduce the frequency of theta. However, it has been reported that, in freely moving(More)
Previous studies have shown that the presence of hippocampal theta activity (theta) is important for learning and that the medial supramammillary nucleus (SuM) is involved in the control of the frequency of theta. In the present experiments, a single-day version (20 trials) of the Morris water maze was used to investigate the effects of drug injections into(More)
The basal ganglia play a critical role in the regulation of voluntary action in vertebrates. Our understanding of the function of the basal ganglia relies heavily upon anatomical information, but continued progress will require an understanding of the specific functional roles played by diverse cell types and their connectivity. An increasing number of(More)
The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of opioid receptor and alpha-adrenergic receptors in the lower brain stem on the depressor response to electrical stimulation of renal afferent nerve, using intracisternal injection of blockers of these receptors. Experiments were conducted in sodium pentobarbital-anesthetized rabbits. The intracisternal(More)
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