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TRPM2 is a member of the transient receptor potential melastatin-related (TRPM) family of cation channels, which possesses both ion channel and ADP-ribose hydrolase functions. TRPM2 has been shown to gate in response to oxidative and nitrosative stresses, but the mechanism through which TRPM2 gating is induced by these types of stimuli is not clear. Here we(More)
Poly (ADP-ribosyl)ation, an early post-translational modification in response to DNA damage, is catalyzed by poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP-1) and catabolized by poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG). The aim of this study was to investigate the role of PARG on the modulation of the inflammatory response caused by splanchnic ischemia and reperfusion.(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) is synthesized from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and degraded by poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG). Overactivation of the poly(ADP-ribose) pathway increases nicotinamide and decreases cellular NAD(+)/ATP, which leads to cell death. Blocking poly(ADP-ribose) metabolism by inactivating(More)
Membrane-bound glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) is a zinc metalloenzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter N-acetyl-L-aspartyl-L-glutamate (NAAG) to N-acetyl-L-aspartate and L-glutamate (which is itself a neurotransmitter). Potent and selective GCPII inhibitors have been shown to decrease brain glutamate and provide neuroprotection(More)
GEP100, a guanine nucleotide exchanging factor (GEF) for Arf6, plays a pivotal role in promoting breast cancer cell invasion both in vitro and in vivo. However, the precise mechanism for GEP100-mediated cell invasion is still poorly understood. In this study, we found that down-regulation of endogenous GEP100 in MDA-MB-231 cells significantly inhibited(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that the -344C/T polymorphism in the CYP11B2 gene is involved in the development of hypertension. However, the results have been inconsistent. In this study, a meta-analysis was performed to clarify the association of -344C/T polymorphism in the CYP11B2 gene with hypertension risk in the Chinese population. METHODS(More)
A series of 2-(thioalkyl)pentanedioic acids were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCP II, EC 3.4.17.21). The inhibitory potency of these thiol-based compounds against GCP II was found to be dependent on the number of methylene units between the thiol group and pentanedioic acid. A comparison of the SAR of the(More)
We report here the characterization of a four-generation Han Chinese family with maternally transmitted diabetes mellitus. Six (two males/four females) of eight matrilineal relatives in this family exhibited diabetes. The age of onset in diabetes varies from 15 years to 33 years, with an average of 26 years. Two of affected matrilineal relatives also(More)
In this report, we investigate molecular pathogenic mechanism of a diabetes-associated homoplasmic mitochondrial tRNA mutation in a Han Chinese family with maternally transmitted diabetes mellitus. Of 10 adult matrilineal relatives, 5 individuals suffered from diabetes (4 subjects with only diabetes, one subject with both diabetes and hearing impairment),(More)
We report here the clinical, genetic and molecular characterization of three Han Chinese pedigrees with maternally transmitted aminoglycoside-induced and nonsyndromic bilateral hearing loss. Clinical evaluation revealed the wide range of severity, age-at-onset and audiometric configuration of hearing impairment in matrilineal relatives in these families.(More)