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Chilling depresses seed germination and seedling establishment, and is one major constraint to grain yield formation in late sown winter wheat. Seeds of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were separately pre-soaked with sodium nitroprusside (SNP, as nitric oxide donor) and Gibberellic acid (GA3) before germination and then germinated under low temperature.(More)
Hydroponic experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of low nitrogen (N) nutrition on photosynthesis and its relationships with N status in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Two wheat cultivars, Zaoyangmai and Yangmai158, differing in low N nutrition tolerances, were used. The results show that under low N nutrition the area of the first top leaf(More)
Frequent extreme heat events are the serious threat to rice production, but the historical trend of heat stress associated with phenology shift and its impact on rice yield over a long period are poorly known. Based on the analysis of observed climate and phenology data from 228 stations in South China during 1981-2010, the spatio-temporal variation of(More)
Determining the effect of water deficit during vegetative growth periods on grain yield will provide reasonable strategy for water-saving management of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Pot experiment was conducted using winter wheat cultivar (Yangmai16) to investigate the effects of water deficit during vegetative periods on post-anthesis photosynthetic(More)
Various sensors have been used to obtain the canopy spectral reflectance for monitoring above-ground plant nitrogen (N) uptake in winter wheat. Comparison and intercalibration of spectral reflectance and vegetation indices derived from different sensors are important for multi-sensor data fusion and utilization. In this study, the spectral reflectance and(More)
The rapid and non-destructive monitoring of the canopy leaf nitrogen concentration (LNC) in crops is important for precise nitrogen (N) management. Nowadays, there is an urgent need to identify next-generation bio-physical variable retrieval algorithms that can be incorporated into an operational processing chain for hyperspectral satellite missions. We(More)
Plant analysis is a very promising diagnostic tool for assessment of crop nitrogen (N) requirements in perspectives of cost effective and environment friendly agriculture. Diagnosing N nutritional status of rice crop through plant analysis will give insights into optimizing N requirements of future crops. The present study was aimed to develop a new(More)
Elucidating the growth responses of roots to water status will reveal physiological mechanisms underlying drought tolerance and water conservation in plants. Hydroponic experiments were conducted using two winter wheat cultivars, Wangshuibai (drought-sensitive) and Luohan 7 (drought-tolerant), and a water deficit was induced using a 20 % (m/v) aqueous(More)