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Soil metagenome constitutes a reservoir for discovering novel enzymes from the unculturable microbial diversity. From three plant rhizosphere metagenomic libraries comprising a total of 142,900 members of recombinant plasmids, we obtained 14 recombinant fosmids that exhibited lipolytic activity. A selected recombinant plasmid, pFLP-2, which showed maximum(More)
The rarest codon in the high G+C genome of Streptomyces coelicolor is TTA, corresponding in mRNA to the UUA codon that is recognized by a developmentally important tRNA encoded by the bldA gene. There are 145 TTA-containing genes in the chromosome of S. coelicolor. Only 42 of these are represented in the genome of Streptomyces avermitilis, among which only(More)
A novel esterase gene, estDL30, was isolated from an alluvial metagenomic library using function-driven screening. estDL30 consisted of 1,524 nucleotides and encoded a 507-amino acid protein. Sequence analysis revealed that EstDL30 is similar to many type B carboxylesterases, containing a G-E-S-A-G pentapeptide with a catalytic Ser residue. Phylogenetic(More)
UNLABELLED The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) system, an RNA-guided nuclease for specific genome editing in vivo, has been adopted in a wide variety of organisms. In contrast, the in vitro application of the CRISPR/Cas9 system has rarely been reported. We present here a highly efficient(More)
Function-driven metagenomic analysis is a powerful approach to screening for novel biocatalysts. In this study, we investigated lipolytic enzymes selected from an alluvial soil metagenomic library, and identified two novel esterases, EstDL26 and EstDL136. EstDL26 and EstDL136 reactivated chloramphenicol from its acetyl derivates by counteracting the(More)
Chloramphenicol and florfenicol are broad-spectrum antibiotics. Although the bacterial resistance mechanisms to these antibiotics have been well documented, hydrolysis of these antibiotics has not been reported in detail. This study reports the hydrolysis of these two antibiotics by a specific hydrolase that is encoded by a gene identified from a soil(More)
Chemical 'chain termination' probes were utilised for the investigation of thiotetronate antibiotic biosynthesis in the filamentous bacteria Lentzea sp. and Streptomyces thiolactonus NRRL 15439. The use of these tools led to the capture of biosynthetic intermediates involved in the thiotetronate polyketide backbone assembly, providing first insights into(More)
The streptovaricins, chemically related to the rifamycins, are highly effective antibacterial agents, particularly against mycobacteria. Herein, a bioassay-guided investigation of Streptomyces spectabilis CCTCC M2017417 has led to the characterization of streptovaricins as potent compounds against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We(More)
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