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Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have come up as an alternative to lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) for large-scale applications because of abundant Na storage in the earth's crust. Antimony (Sb) hollow nanospheres (HNSs) obtained by galvanic replacement were first applied as anode materials for sodium-ion batteries and exhibited superior electrochemical(More)
High-energy batteries need significant cathodes which can simultaneously provide large specific capacities and high discharge plateaus. NASICON-structured Na3V2(PO4)3 (NVP) has been utilised as a promising cathode to meet this requirement and be used in the construction of high energy batteries. For a hybrid-ion battery by employing metallic lithium as an(More)
A NASICON-structure Na3V2(PO4)3 cathode material prepared by carbothermal reduction method is employed in a hybrid-ion battery with Li-involved electrolyte and anode. The ion-transportation mechanism is firstly investigated in this complicated system for an open three-dimensional framework Na3V2(PO4)3. Ion-exchange is greatly influenced by the standing(More)
The ion-migration mechanism of Na3V2(PO4)2F3 is investigated in Na3V2(PO4)2F3-Li hybrid-ion batteries for the first time through a combined computational and experimental study. There are two Na sites namely Na(1) and Na(2) in Na3V2(PO4)2F3, and the Na ions at Na(2) sites with 0.5 occupation likely extract earlier to form Na2V2(PO4)2F3. The structural(More)
Excellent C-rate and cycling performance with a high specific capacity of 117.6 mA h g(-1) have been achieved on NASICON-structure Na3V2(PO4)3 sodium-ion batteries. Two different Na sites, namely Na(1) and Na(2), are reported in the open three-dimensional framework, of which the ions at the Na(2) sites should be mainly responsible for the electrochemical(More)
NiSb alloy hollow nanospheres (HNSs) obtained by galvanic replacement were firstly applied as anode materials for lithium ion batteries, giving the best electrochemical performances for NiSb alloy materials so far with a high reversible capacity of 420 mA h g(-1) after 50 cycles, close to its theoretical capacity (446 mA h g(-1)).
The electrochemical properties of Na3V2(PO4)2F3 cathode utilized in the sodium ion battery are investigated, and the ion migration mechanisms are proposed as combined via the first principles calculations. Two different Na sites, namely, the Na(1) and Na(2) sites, could cause two sodium ions of Na3V2(PO4)2F3 to be extracted or inserted by a two-step(More)
The structural effects of graphene on the electrochemical properties of graphene-based ultracapacitors are investigated for the first time, where the competitive impacts resulting from the edge content, specific surface area, edge/basal defects, oxygen-containing groups and metal oxides/surfactant impurities are taken into consideration, demonstrating that(More)
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