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OsPDCD5 is the rice (Oryza sativa L.) homolog of PDCD5, a gene involved in programmed cell death (PCD) regulation and highly conserved over time. PDCD5 overexpression in tumor cells enhances apoptosis triggered by growth factor or serum deprivation. In our previous research, constitutive OsPDCD5 overexpression induces early death in transgenic plants. In(More)
Pleiotrophin (PTN) is an effective neuroprotective factor and its expression is strikingly increased in microglia after ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, whether PTN could provide neurotrophic support to neurons by regulating microglia function is not clear. In this study, we demonstrated that the expression of PTN was induced in microglia after(More)
Amyloid β (Aβ) plays an important role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) by inducing microglia activation. Once activated, microglial cells promote the release of reactive species and cytokines that are known to enhance immune responses in AD brain. Thus, negative regulators of microglia activation are considered as potential therapeutic candidates for AD.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a quantitative method for individually adjusting the tube current to obtain images with consistent noise in electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated CT cardiac scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS The image noise from timing bolus and cardiac CT scans of 80 patients (Group A) who underwent a 64-row multidetector (MD) CT cardiac examination with(More)
In this paper, a new illumination invariant color model HSy with large discriminating power is proposed for object recognition in autonomous robot soccer. Object recognition for soccer robot is used as a benchmark problem for the proposed color model. Classical illumination invariant color components are analyzed. New illumination invariant color components(More)
In diabetic kidney disease (DKD), epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a classic pathological process in tubular damage. Oxidative stress is considered to play an important role in DKD. Astragaloside IV (A-IV), one of the main active ingredients of Astragalus membranaceus, exhibits a wide range of biological activities. However, the effect of A-IV(More)
Docetaxel is commonly used as an effective chemotherapeutic drug for gastric cancer patients recently. With the increasing emergence of docetaxel resistance nowadays, identification of suitable biomarkers for predicting chemosensitivity to docetaxel may be a key role for improving therapeutic effects for gastric cancer patients. In this study, we(More)
Glycated albumin (GA), an Amadori product used as a marker of hyperglycemia and the early-stage glycation products compared to AGEs, might further promote kidney lesions in diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the mechanisms how GA cause proximal tubular cells damage remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the effects of GA on fibrosis and(More)
BACKGROUND CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing strategy has been applied to a variety of species and the tRNA-processing system has been used to compact multiple gRNAs into one synthetic gene for manipulating multiple genes in rice. RESULTS We optimized and introduced the multiplex gene editing strategy based on the tRNA-processing system into maize. Maize(More)