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Plants that spontaneously produce lesion mimics or spots, without any signs of obvious adversity, such as pesticide and mechanical damage, or pathogen infection, are so-called lesion mimic mutants (lmms). In rice, many lmms exhibit enhanced resistance to pathogens, which provides a unique opportunity to uncover the molecular mechanism underlying lmms. We(More)
Rice blast caused by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae is one of the most destructive diseases worldwide. Although the rice-M. oryzae interaction has been studied extensively, the early molecular events that occur in rice before full maturation of the appressorium during M. oryzae invasion are unknown. Here, we report a comparative transcriptomics(More)
Texture feature has been widely used in image segmentation, classification, retrieval and many others. Among various approaches to texture feature extraction, Gabor filtering has emerged as one of the most popular in recent years. Gabor filter-based texture feature extractor is in fact a Gabor filter bank defined by its parameters including frequencies,(More)
Receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases (RLCKs) represent a large family of proteins in plants. However, few RLCKs have been well characterized. Here, we report the functional characterization of four rice RLCKs - OsRLCK57, OsRLCK107, OsRLCK118 and OsRLCK176 from subfamily VII. These OsRLCKs interact with the rice brassinosteroid receptor, OsBRI1 in yeast cell,(More)
Leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases (LRR-RLKs) represent a large class of proteins in regulating plant development and immunity. The LRR-RLK XA21 confers resistance to the bacterial disease caused by the pathogen of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo). Several XA21 binding proteins have been characterized, however the early events governing XA21(More)
In the present study, we developed 16 polymorphic microsatellite loci in Rhinogobio ventralis, an endemic cyprinid fish in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River. The polymorphism of each locus was assessed in 32 individuals collected from Jiangjin section of the Yangtze River. A total of 126 alleles were detected and the number of alleles per locus ranged(More)
BACKGROUND There is a high probability of accidental perforation of the vertebral pedicle wall in pedicle screw insertion surgery. A pedicle screw (PS) measurement device with an optical probe has been reported to send out a warning signal before the PS tip breaking the vertebral pedicle wall. METHODS In this study, we explored the detection depth of(More)
Conventional evaluation methods of chemotherapeutic efficacy such as tissue biopsy and anatomical measurement are either invasive with potential complications or dilatory to capture the rapid pathological changes. Here, a sensitive and resolution-scalable photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) with theranostic nanoformulation was developed to noninvasively monitor(More)
Rare minnow (Gobiocypris rarus) is an endangered small fish endemic to upper reach of the Yangtze River. From a (GT)n enriched genomic library, 32 microsatellites were isolated and characterized. Nineteen of these loci were polymorphic in a test population with alleles ranging from 2–7, and observed and expected heterozygosities from zero to 0.8438, and(More)