Weisong Zhou

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It has been recognized that people who live at higher latitudes and who are vitamin D deficient are at higher risk of dying from many common cancers including colon cancer. To evaluate the role of vitamin D deficiency on colon tumor growth, Balb/c adult male mice were fed either a vitamin D sufficient or vitamin D deficient diet for 10 weeks. Mice were(More)
IL-17A is produced from Th17 cells, and is involved in many autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. IL-13R has not previously been reported to be functionally expressed on T cells; however, we found that purified BALB/c CD4(+) cells polarized to Th17 with TGF-beta, IL-6, and IL-23 have increased mRNA and protein expression of IL-13R alpha1 and mRNA expression(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been reported to reduce the risk and mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC) by inhibiting the activity of cyclooxygenase (COX). The present studies were directed to determine whether selective COX-2 inhibition reduces CRC tumour cell proliferation and invasion/migration, and the possible cellular and(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is associated with wheezing and childhood asthma. We previously reported that RSV infection prolongs methacholine-induced airway hyperresponsiveness in ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice. In addition, allergically sensitized RSV-infected (OVA/RSV) mice had more abundant airway epithelial mucus production compared with OVA mice(More)
The role of prostanoids in modulating respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is unknown. We found that RSV infection in mice increases production of prostaglandin I(2) (PGI(2)). Mice that overexpress PGI(2) synthase selectively in bronchial epithelium are protected against RSV-induced weight loss and have decreased peak viral replication and gamma(More)
The mechanisms by which chronic inflammatory lung diseases, particularly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, confer enhanced risk for lung cancer are not well-defined. To investigate whether nuclear factor (NF)-κB, a key mediator of immune and inflammatory responses, provides an interface between persistent lung inflammation and carcinogenesis, we(More)
BACKGROUND Prostaglandin I(2) (PGI(2)), a lipid mediator currently used in treatment of human disease, is a critical regulator of adaptive immune responses. Although PGI(2) signaling suppressed Th1 and Th2 immune responses, the role of PGI(2) in Th17 differentiation is not known. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In mouse CD4(+)CD62L(+) naïve T cell culture,(More)
Nonselective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition during the development of allergic disease in a murine model causes an increase in type 2 cytokines and lung eosinophilia; however, the mechanisms responsible for this augmented allergen-induced inflammation have not been examined. Ab depletion of CD4 and CD8 cells revealed that the heightened allergic(More)
BACKGROUND Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2) are an important source of the type 2 cytokines interleukin (IL)-5 and IL-13 that are critical to the allergic airway phenotype. Previous studies reported that histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition by trichostatin A (TSA) downregulated adaptive allergic immune responses; however, the effect of HDAC inhibition(More)
Aberrant p62 overexpression has been implicated in breast cancer development. Here, we found that p62 expression was elevated in breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs), including CD44+CD24- fractions, mammospheres, ALDH1+ populations and side population cells. Indeed, short-hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown of p62 impaired breast cancer cells from(More)