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An hierarchy of ocean models is used to investigate the dynamics of the eastward surface jets that develop along the Indian Ocean equator during the spring and fall, the Wyrtki jets (WJs). The models vary in dynamical complexity from 2½-layer to 4½-layer systems, the latter including active thermodynamics, mixed layer physics, and salinity. To help identify(More)
Northern Hemisphere. We conclude that the repetition of this cycle could produce the sea-level changes that have been observed throughout the last glacial cycle. Over the past million years, Earth's climate has experienced quasi-regular cold and warm cycles. These are glacial–interglacial cycles, related to variations of the amount of solar radiation(More)
An ocean general circulation model (OGCM) is used to investigate the low-frequency (period longer than 90 days) rectification of atmospheric intraseasonal variability (10–90-day periods) in zonal surface current and transport of the equatorial Indian Ocean. A hierarchy of OGCM solutions is found in an actual tropical Indian Ocean basin for the period of(More)
[1] Intraseasonal variability of Indian Ocean sea surface temperature (SST) during boreal winter is investigated by analyzing available data and a suite of solutions to an ocean general circulation model for 1998–2004. This period covers the QuikSCAT and Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) observations. Impacts of the 30–90 day and 10–30 day(More)
Effects of atmospheric intraseasonal oscillations (ISOs) on the Indian Ocean zonal dipole mode (IOZDM) are investigated by analyzing available observations and a suite of solutions to an ocean general circulation model, namely, the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). Data and model solutions for the period 1991–2000 are analyzed, a period that includes(More)
Nonlinear and linear 4 1 2-layer ocean models are used to explore the dynamics of intraseasonal (20–90 day periods) zonal flow in the equatorial Indian Ocean. The model simulations suggest that the observed 40–60 day zonal surface current is forced primarily by wind associated with the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), which peaks at 40– 60 days. The(More)
A nonlinear, 4½-layer reduced-gravity ocean model with active thermodynamics and mixed layer physics is used to investigate the causes of sea level interannual variability in the Bay of Bengal, which may contribute to flooding and cholera outbreaks in Bangladesh. Forcing by NCEP–NCAR reanalysis fields from 1958 to 1998 yields realistic solutions in the(More)
[1] Satellite ocean color, sea surface temperature, and altimeter data are used to study the surface Kuroshio path in the Luzon Strait area. The results suggest that the dominant path of surface Kuroshio intrusion in winter is a direct route from northeast of Luzon to southwest of Taiwan and then westward along the continental slope of northern South China(More)
Observational studies have shown that the Asian-Australasian monsoon system exhibits variability over a wide-range of space and time scales. These variations range from intraseasonal (20–40 days), annual, biennial (about 2 years), longer term interannual (3–5 years) and interdecadal. Despite this range of variability, the South Asian monsoon (at least as(More)
During the CINDY/DYNAMO field campaign (fall/winter 2011), intensive measurements of the upper ocean, including an array of several surface moorings and ship observations for the area around 75°E–80°E, Equator-10°S, were conducted. In this study, large-scale upper ocean variations surrounding the intensive array during the field campaign are described based(More)