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Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is originally developed as an unconstrained optimization technique, therefore lacks an explicit mechanism for handling constraints. When solving constrained optimization problems (COPs) with PSO, the existing research mainly focuses on how to handle constraints, and the impact of constraints on the inherent search mechanism(More)
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Concentrations of selected heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr, Ni and Fe) in surface sediments from nine sites in western Xiamen Bay and its vicinity were studied in order to understand current metal contamination due to urbanization and economic development in Xiamen, China. The sediment samples were collected in December 2004 and July 2005 respectively in(More)
Strigolactones (SLs), a newly discovered class of carotenoid-derived phytohormones, are essential for developmental processes that shape plant architecture and interactions with parasitic weeds and symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Despite the rapid progress in elucidating the SL biosynthetic pathway, the perception and signalling mechanisms of SL(More)
Previous studies have shown that DWARF10 (D10) is a rice ortholog of MAX4/RMS1/DAD1, encoding a carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase and functioning in strigolactones/strigolactone-derivatives (SL) biosynthesis. Here we use D10- RNA interference (RNAi) transgenic plants similar to d10 mutant in phenotypes to investigate the interactions among D10, auxin and(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of imported malaria in Henan Province in 2011, and provide scientific basis for the control of imported malaria. METHODS Data of imported malaria were collected and analyzed by SPSS11.5 in 2011. RESULTS 145 imported malaria cases were reported. Among them, 110 (75.9%) were falciparum malaria, 31(More)
The present paper introduces a highly sensitive and selective method for simultaneous quantification of 12 cytokinins (free form and their conjugates). The method includes a protocol of extraction with methanol/water/formic acid (15/4/1, v/v/v) to the micro-scale samples, pre-purification with solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridges of the extracts,(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the genetic associations of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), the genetic difference between PCV and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and the genotype-phenotype correlation of PCV. METHODS A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed. Published articles about genetic associations of PCV identified from a(More)
Phytohormones act at relatively low concentrations as major regulatory factors of plant growth and development, and cross talk of phytohormones is currently of great interest throughout the plant science community. To meet this demand, a method that is capable of simultaneously analyzing diverse plant hormones is essential. This paper introduces a(More)
Nutrient availability can affect the cracking rate of the litchi fruit tree, and the nutrient content of the canopy can be used to monitor availability and fertilizer needs of the litchi orchard. In this study, we analyzed the correlation between calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and potassium (K) in canopy leaves and four indices of in situ spectral data of(More)