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Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is originally developed as an unconstrained optimization technique, therefore lacks an explicit mechanism for handling constraints. When solving constrained optimization problems (COPs) with PSO, the existing research mainly focuses on how to handle constraints, and the impact of constraints on the inherent search mechanism(More)
Strigolactones (SLs), a newly discovered class of carotenoid-derived phytohormones, are essential for developmental processes that shape plant architecture and interactions with parasitic weeds and symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Despite the rapid progress in elucidating the SL biosynthetic pathway, the perception and signalling mechanisms of SL(More)
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This paper firstly presents a novel constraint-handling technique , called dynamic-objective method (DOM), based on the search mechanism of the particles of particle swarm optimization (PSO). DOM converts the constrained optimization problem into a bi-objective optimization problem, and then enables each particle to dynamically adjust its objectives(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the genetic associations of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), the genetic difference between PCV and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and the genotype-phenotype correlation of PCV. METHODS A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed. Published articles about genetic associations of PCV identified from a(More)
BACKGROUND China is realizing increases in women engaged in premarital sex and multiple sex partner behavior. Our aim was to examine prevalence and determinants of multiple sex partner behavior among female undergraduates in China. METHODS Anonymously completed questionnaires were received from 4,769 unmarried female undergraduates, recruited using(More)
BACKGROUND Acute Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease and acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) are two common disorders with serous retinal detachment caused by dysfunction of choroid. The purpose of this study is to compare the morphological changes of these two diseases with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS In this(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the midterm anatomical and functional outcomes of intravitreal injection of low-dose triamcinolone acetonide in silicone oil-filled eyes as an adjunctive treatment for proliferative vitreoretinopathy. METHODS This is a retrospective interventional case series. Patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy grade C or D received pars(More)
The metabolic activation of (S)-5,6-difluoro-4-cyclopropylethynyl-4-trifluoromethyl-3,4-dihydro-2(1H)-quinazolinone, DPC 963, in rats was investigated by identifying and characterizing the GSH and mercapturic acid conjugates excreted in the bile and urine, respectively. The structures of these adducts, which were unequivocally elucidated by LC/MS/MS and NMR(More)