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OBJECTIVE Recent experimental evidence has suggested that pressure may play an important role in the pathogenesis of arthritic diseases such as temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), rheumatic diseases and osteoarthritis. This study examines the effects of hydrostatic pressure (HP) on cytoskeleton and protein production of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2),(More)
Effective appearance models are one critical factor for robust object tracking. In this paper, we introduce foreground feature saliency concept into the background modelling, and put forward a novel foreground saliency-based background-weighted histogram scheme (FSBWH) for target representation and tracking, which exploits salient features from both(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate aggrecanase activity after traumatic knee injury in a rat model by measuring the level of aggrecanase-generated Ala-Arg-Gly-aggrecan (ARG-aggrecan) fragments in synovial fluid, and compare with ARG-aggrecan release into joint fluid following human knee injury. To evaluate the effect of small molecule inhibitors on induced aggrecanase(More)
Estimating the number of people passing a gate or a door provides useful information for video-based surveillance and monitoring applications. This paper describes a robust method for bi-directional people counting. The method includes three steps: moving people detecting, tracking and counting. A new algorithm of detecting for moving people based on edge(More)
Variable length decoding (VLD) is inherent bit-serial operation and is the first stage of the whole video decoding task, the overall decoding system performance is determined by its throughput and efficiency. In this paper, a scheme for decoding of discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients is presented The DCT VLD tables are split into two different(More)
To understand the mechanism by which early insulin therapy improves insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes, we investigated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in the liver of type 2 diabetic rats. A high fat diet plus a low dose of streptozotocin (STZ) in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was implemented to create an animal model mimicking diabetes. After 3 weeks of(More)
We previously reported that early insulin treatment reduced intramuscular triglyceride content in type 2 diabetes mellitus Sprague-Dawley rats; the underlying mechanisms are, however, not completely understood. Here we investigated the regulation of insulin on molecular expressions involved in lipid metabolism pathways in skeletal muscle of high-fat-diet(More)
Early intensive insulin therapy improves insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic patients; while the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), an anti-angiogenic factor, is believed to be involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. Here, we hypothesize that PEDF might be down regulated by insulin and then(More)
Wi-Fi has become an essential wireless technology in our daily lives, although the original intention of its introduction was to replace the Ethernet cable. In this article, we outline the most remarkable features introduced during its on-going technological evolution in terms of three major directions, i.e., throughput enhancement, long-range extension,(More)