Learn More
The glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA) accumulates in central nervous system lesions where it limits astrogliosis but also inhibits oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (OPC) maturation. The role of hyaluronan in normative brain aging has not been previously investigated. Here, we tested the hypothesis that HA accumulates in the aging nonhuman primate brain. We(More)
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are aggressive malignancies that arise within peripheral nerves. These tumors occur with increased incidence in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), exhibiting increased Ras activity due to loss of the NF1 gene product, neurofibromin, and abnormal expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor(More)
OBJECTIVE Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) recruited to demyelinating lesions often fail to mature into oligodendrocytes (OLs) that remyelinate spared axons. The glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA) accumulates in demyelinating lesions and has been implicated in the failure of OPC maturation and remyelination. We tested the hypothesis that OPCs in(More)
In this study, we systematically investigated methyl siloxanes (D4-D6, L3-L16) exposure to workers from and residents living near a siloxanes manufacturing facility by measuring their concentrations in both environmental matrices (air, dust/soil, n = 62) and human plasma samples (n = 201). For the seventeen target compounds, the average concentrations in(More)
The dimerization of methyl acrylate to the head-to-tail 2-methylene-pentanedioic acid dimethyl ester product was realized in 82 and 85% yield in only 4 h at room temperature in THF in the presence of catalytic amounts of P(RNCH2CH2)3N (R = i-Bu and Bn, respectively). These phosphines are to our knowledge the best nonmetallic catalysts so far reported for(More)
Pd-catalyzed decarboxylative Heck coupling of aromatic carboxylic acids with various olefins is developed using O(2) as the terminal oxidant. Enhancement of O(2) pressure leads to improving reaction turnover in this transformation and allows significantly reducing catalyst loading for efficient conversion of electron-rich benzoic acids. A Pd catalyst(More)
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are invasive peripheral nerve neoplasms that express both the receptor tyrosine kinase c-Met and its ligand hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). The combined expression of these proteins has been implicated in tumor cell growth and metastasis. However, HGF/c-Met autocrine activity requires the presence of a(More)
Fifty-one cases of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were immunohistochemically investigated with monoclonal c-erbB 2 oncoprotein antibody. No tumor showed plasma membrane immunostaining for c-erbB-2 protein. Occasionally, unspecific cytoplasmic staining was found in minor tumor cell populations. The present results show that c-erbB-2 oncoprotein is not(More)
A novel hybrid material (SBA-P1) is prepared through the functionalization of mesoporous silica (SBA-15) with a 1,8-naphthalimide-based dye by sol-gel reaction. The characterization results of elemental analysis (EA), X-ray powder diffractometer (XRD) and spectroscopic methods demonstrate the fluorescence dye P1 is successfully grafted onto the inner(More)