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As an economic crop, pepper satisfies people's spicy taste and has medicinal uses worldwide. To gain a better understanding of Capsicum evolution, domestication, and specialization, we present here the genome sequence of the cultivated pepper Zunla-1 (C. annuum L.) and its wild progenitor Chiltepin (C. annuum var. glabriusculum). We estimate that the pepper(More)
Realization of millimeter-wave (MMW) communication data link has been explored through VCO designs in CMOS technology [1-9]. While a higher VCO oscillation frequency has been pursued by driving VCO designs up to the technology limits, their manufacturability has been a concern. Due to increasing process variation in sub-100nm technologies, the VCO designs(More)
Temperature and precipitation have been separately reported to be the main factors affecting the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in the Tibetan Plateau. The effects of the main climatic factors on the yearly maximum NDVI (MNDVI) in the Tibetan Plateau were examined on different scales. The result underscored the observation that both(More)
Two independent pepper (Capsicum annuum) genomes were published recently, opening a new era of molecular genetics research on pepper. However, pepper molecular marker technologies are still mainly focusing on the simple sequence repeats derived from public database or genomic library. The development and application of the third generation marker system(More)
A straightforward and efficient protocol for the construction of structurally and biologically interesting chiral flavanoids incorporating three privileged structures, i.e., chromanone, dihydropyran, and indole, has been developed on the basis of chiral bifunctional tertiary amine thiourea-catalyzed asymmetric inverse-electron-demand Diels-Alder reaction of(More)
CD1d-restricted natural killer T (NKT) cells and CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cells are two thymus-derived subsets of regulatory T cells that play an important role in the maintenance of self-tolerance. Yet the functional changes of the two subsets of regulatory T cells in the development of diabetes in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice remain unclear, and how(More)
Experiments of active vibration control for flexible beam are studied, with a Stewart platform manipulator (SPM) employed as an active equipment at the bottom of the beam. The dynamic modal of the rigid-flexible coupling system composed of the upper platform of the SPM and the flexible beam is built, and an auto disturbances rejection controller (ADRC) is(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between c-fos gene and filamentous actin (F-actin) in MG-63 osteoblasts under cyclic tensile stress. METHODS MG-63 osteoblasts were subjected to cyclic tensile stress (0.5 Hz, 2 000 microstrain) for 3, 6, and 12 h. The changes of c-fos gene were investigated by fluorescent quantitation polymerase chain reaction.(More)
With the emerging of IoT (Internet of Things), the scale of Internet is extended extremely and large amounts of information are produced. Most previous work only focuses on the interconnection and interoperability problems among different entities and enterprise application systems in a dynamic interaction environment. However, the problems of how to(More)