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Several epidemiologic studies have reported that cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors prevent/delay the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent experimental studies suggest that these compounds can also diminish amyloid-beta (Abeta) neuropathology in rodent models of AD. To explore the relationship of COX expression to Abeta neuropathology, we crossed mice(More)
Existing models of mouse mammary carcinogenesis induced by the model polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) typically use a small number of bolus doses applied intragastrically. In contrast to this, typical human exposures to carcinogens are thought to be at lower doses and to occur with chronic or sporadic timing. When the(More)
Starting with an extract derived from the stem of Macleaya cordata (Papaveraceae) that was active in the process of inhibiting phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate binding to partially purified protein kinase C (PKC), the benzophenanthridine alkaloid angoline was isolated and identified. This discovery appeared in context, as a related benzophenanthridine alkaloid,(More)
The role of the active metabolite of vitamin D, 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)), in cell differentiation is well established. However, its use as a differentiating agent in a clinical setting is precluded due to its hypercalcaemic activity. Recently, we synthesised a relatively non-calcaemic analogue of vitamin D(5), 1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D(5)(More)
2,6-Dithiopurine (DTP) has been proposed as a possible chemopreventive agent because of its ability to react with electrophiles. Acrolein, an electrophilic metabolite of cyclophosphamide (CP) involved in the toxicities of this anticancer drug, can be scavenged by DTP. The present study examined the effect of DTP treatment on CP-mediated bladder and lung(More)
Mitochondrial oxidative damage is hypothesized to contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic cholestatic liver diseases. Melatonin, an indolamine synthesized in the pineal gland, shows a wide range of physiological functions, and is under clinical investigation for expanded applications. Melatonin has demonstrated efficient protective effects against various(More)
Purinethiols are a class of potential cancer chemopreventive agents that exhibit nucleophilic scavenging activity against the carcinogenic electrophile benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE). Of the purinethiols tested previously, 2,6-dithiopurine (DTP), exhibited the highest scavenging activity for BPDE when tested either in vitro or in vivo. Sulfur-based(More)
Several nontoxic purinethiols have been shown to block the ability of the carcinogen 7-r,8-t-dihydroxy-9-t,10-t-oxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (BPDE) to bind covalently to DNA in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Two of these compounds also block BPDE-induced tumorigenesis in a two-stage mouse skin carcinogenesis model. The suggested mode of action of the(More)
2,6-Dithiopurine (DTP) has been proposed as a possible chemopreventive agent because of its facile reaction with the electrophilic ultimate carcinogen, benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide, and other reactive electrophiles. Previous studies in mouse skin indicated almost complete inhibition of benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide-induced tumorigenesis by DTP, suggesting the(More)
In the present study we pinpoint the time of nm23 down-regulation during the chemical transformation of the human breast epithelial cell line HBL100. The non-malignant HBL100 was transformed by exposing it to N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU). We subsequently injected the transformed cells (HBL-T-MNU) into nude mice, resulting in tumor growth. With a second(More)
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