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A new alkaloid, 2-(furan-2-yl)-6-(2S,3S,4-trihydroxybutyl)pyrazine (1), along with 12 known compounds, 2-(furan-2-yl)-5-(2S,3S,4-trihydroxybutyl)pyrazine (2), (S)-4-isobutyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]oxazine-6-carbaldehyde (3), (S)-4-isopropyl-3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]oxazine-6-carbaldehyde (4),(More)
To investigate the structurally novel and bioactive natural compounds from marine-derived microorganisms under high salinity, the fungus Aspergillus terreus PT06-2 was isolated from the sediment of the Putian Sea Saltern, Fujian, China. Three new compounds, terremides A (1) and B (2) and terrelactone A (3), along with twelve known compounds (4-15) were(More)
Eight drimane sesquiterpenes (1-8), six isochromane derivatives (9-14), and three known compounds, daldinin B (15), 9alpha-hydroxy-6beta-[(2E,4E,6E)-octa-2,4,6-trienoyloxy]-5alpha-drim-7-en-11,12-olide (16), and pergillin (17), were isolated from the EtOAc extract of the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus ustus 094102. The structures of the new compounds(More)
Top-down control analysis (TDCA) is a useful tool for quantifying constraints on metabolic pathways that might be overcome by biotechnological approaches. Previous studies on lipid accumulation in oilseed rape have suggested that diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT), which catalyses the final step in seed oil biosynthesis, might be an effective target for(More)
The indolocarbazole (ICZ) alkaloids have attracted much attention due to their unique structures and potential therapeutic applications. A series of ICZs were recently isolated and identified from a marine-derived actinomycete strain, Streptomyces sanyensis FMA. To elucidate the biosynthetic machinery associated with ICZs production in S. sanyensis FMA,(More)
Fractionation of the ethyl acetate extract of an acid-tolerant fungus, Penicillium purpurogenum JS03-21, resulted in the isolation of six new compounds, purpurquinones A-C (1-3), purpuresters A and B (4 and 5), and 2,6,7-trihydroxy-3-methylnaphthalene-1,4-dione (6), together with three known compounds, TAN-931 (7), (-)-mitorubrin (8), and orsellinic acid.(More)
Introduction. To determine the effect of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) on quality of life (QoL) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods. Fourteen IBD patients, including 11 Ulcerative colitis (UC) and 3 Crohn's disease (CD), were treated with FMT via colonoscopy or nasojejunal tube infusion. QoL was measured by IBD Questionnaire(More)
To obtain structurally novel and bioactive natural compounds from marine-derived microorganisms, the effect of high salt stress on secondary metabolite production in the marine-derived fungal strain, Spicaria elegans KLA-03, was investigated. The organism, which was isolated from marine sediment, produced different secondary metabolites when cultured in 3%(More)
BACKGROUND Contact tracing is especially useful for identifying an infection with few cases in the population, such as HIV in China. Little such research is available in China. METHODS Every newly diagnosed HIV case from 2008-2010 in Taizhou Prefecture, Zhejiang Province in China, was invited to participate as an "index case" in a contact tracing survey(More)