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Three new diketopiperazine alkaloids, 6-methoxyspirotryprostatin B (1), 18-oxotryprostatin A (2), and 14-hydroxyterezine D (3), with an oxaspiro[4.4]lactam moiety, 14-norpseurotin A (4), and the 29-nordammarane triterpenoid 6beta,16beta-diacetoxy-25-hydroxy-3,7-dioxy-29-nordammara-1,17(20)-dien-21-oic acid (5), as well as 12 known compounds (6- 17), were(More)
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) dependent acylation of sn-1,2-diacylglycerol to form triacylglycerol in the terminal step of seed oil formation. Previous work has suggested that the level of DGAT activity may have a substantial effect on the flow of carbon into triacylglycerol, implying that the enzyme may represent(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of CHCl3 extract from the fermentation broth of a sponge Mycale plumose-derived actinomycete Saccharopolyspora sp. nov., led to the isolation of two known prodigiosin analogs--metacycloprodigiosin (1) and undecylprodigiosin (2). These compounds exhibited significant cytotoxic activities against five cancer cell lines: P388,(More)
Top-down control analysis (TDCA) is a useful tool for quantifying constraints on metabolic pathways that might be overcome by biotechnological approaches. Previous studies on lipid accumulation in oilseed rape have suggested that diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT), which catalyses the final step in seed oil biosynthesis, might be an effective target for(More)
Anastomotic configurations may be a predictor of postoperative recurrence for Crohn’s disease. One previous meta-analysis showed side-to-side anastomosis was associated with fewer anastomotic leaks but did not reduce postoperative recurrence rates. After 2007, more articles that found distinct results were published. We aimed to update the meta-analysis(More)
Percutaneous drainage (PD) of Crohn’s related abscesses is becoming popular with the development of techniques. We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of initial PD versus initial surgical drainage for intra-abdominal abscesses in Crohn’s disease. Twenty-three patients of Crohn’s disease complicated with intra-abdominal or pelvic abscesses treated in our(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) enteritis is rare but can be fatal unless it is detected at an early stage and treated effectively. Dysbiosis of the gut is one of the leading reasons of MRSA enteritis. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a burgeoning treatment to rectify this imbalance. But the impact of FMT on(More)
Nutritional therapy cannot only improve nutritional status but also reduce bowel inflammation in Crohn disease (CD). The benefits of preoperative nutritional therapy on outcomes of surgery for CD have been demonstrated. However, the ideal end-points of preoperative nutrition in CD remain elusive. We conducted this study to figure out whether improvement of(More)
Two new dimeric naphtho-gamma-pyrones, compounds 1 and 2, were isolated from the AcOEt extract of the fungal strain WZ-4-11 of Aspergillus carbonarius, together with eight known analogues, including 10,10'-bifonsecin B (3), 6'-O-demethylnigerone (4), nigerone (5), isonigerone (6), fonsecin (7), rubrofusarin B (8), TMC 256A1 (9), and flavasperone (10). Their(More)
Triptolide is an active component of extracts derived from the medicinal vine Tripterygium Wilfordii Hook. f. (TWHF) whose extracts have been used to treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We have reported that triptolide showed therapeutic activity in a murine IBD model, but the potential mechanism of action of this agent in IBD remains elusive.(More)